1992 National Platform of the Libertarian Party

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A long, detailed platform that includes the extreme Children's Rights plank.

Article: 6852 of alt.politics.libertarian
Newsgroups: alt.politics.libertarian
From: mlee@esd.dl.nec.com (Michael Lee)
Subject: LBERTARIAN PLATFORM
Message-ID: <C69Hp6.Cup@esd.dl.nec.com>
Organization: Engineering and Support Division, NEC America, Inc.
Date: Thu, 29 Apr 1993 20:17:29 GMT

Somebody asked for the platform:



                       1992 National Platform
                               of the
                         Libertarian Party

                       Adopted in Convention
                            August 1991
                         Chicago, Illinois




                              PREAMBLE

As Libertarians, we  seek a world  of liberty; a world  in  which  all
individuals are sovereign  over their own  lives, and no one is forced
to sacrifice his or her values for the benefit of others.

We believe  that  respect  for  individual  rights  is  the  essential
precondition for a  free and prosperous  world, that force  and  fraud
must be banished  from human  relationships,  and  that  only  through
freedom can peace and prosperity be realized.

Consequently, we defend  each person's right to engage in any activity
that is peaceful  and honest, and  welcome the diversity that  freedom
brings.  The world  we seek to build is one where individuals are free
to follow their  own dreams in  their own ways,  without  interference
from government or any authoritarian power.

In the following  pages we have  set forth our  basic  principles  and
enumerated various policy stands derived from those principles.

These specific policies  are not  our  goal,  however.   Our  goal  is
nothing more nor less than a world set free in our lifetime, and it is
to this end that we take these stands.



                         TABLE OF CONTENTS

Statement of Principles

I. Individual Rights and Civil Order

 1. FREEDOM AND RESPONSIBILITY

 2. CRIME

 3. VICTIMLESS CRIMES

 4. SAFEGUARDS FOR THE CRIMINALLY ACCUSED

 5. JUSTICE FOR THE INDIVIDUAL

 6. JURIES

 7. INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY

 8. GOVERNMENT AND MENTAL HEALTH

 9. FREEDOM OF COMMUNICATION

 10. FREEDOM OF RELIGION

 11. THE RIGHT TO PROPERTY

 12. PROTECTION OF PRIVACY

 13. GOVERNMENT SECRECY

 14. INTERNAL SECURITY AND CIVIL LIBERTIES

 15. THE RIGHT TO KEEP AND BEAR ARMS

 16. CONSCRIPTION AND THE MILITARY

 17. IMMIGRATION

 18. DISCRIMINATION

 19. WOMEN'S RIGHTS AND ABORTION

 20. FAMILY LIFE

 21. CHILDREN'S RIGHTS

 22. AMERICAN INDIAN RIGHTS

 23. THE WAR ON DRUGS

II. Trade and the Economy

 1. THE ECONOMY

 2. TAXATION

 3. INFLATION AND DEPRESSION

 4. FINANCE AND CAPITAL INVESTMENT

 5. GOVERNMENT DEBT

 6. MONOPOLIES

 7. SUBSIDIES

 8. TARIFFS AND QUOTAS

 9. PUBLIC UTILITIES

 10. UNIONS AND COLLECTIVE BARGAINING

III. Domestic Ills

 1. ENERGY

 2. POLLUTION

 3. CONSUMER PROTECTION

 4. EDUCATION

 5. POPULATION

 6. TRANSPORTATION

 7. POVERTY AND UNEMPLOYMENT

 8. HEALTH CARE

 9. RESOURCE USE

 10. AGRICULTURE

 11. OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEATH ACT (OSHA)

 12. SOCIAL SECURITY

 13. POSTAL SERVICE

 14. CIVIL SERVICE

 15. ELECTION LAWS

IV. Foreign Affairs

A. Diplomatic Policy

 1. NEGOTIATIONS

 2. INTERNATIONAL TRAVEL AND FOREIGN INVESTMENTS

 3. HUMAN RIGHTS

 4. WORLD GOVERNMENT

 5. SECESSION

B. Military

 1. MILITARY POLICY

 2. PRESIDENTIAL WAR POWERS

C. Economic Policy

 1. FOREIGN AID

 2. INTERNATIONAL MONEY

 3. UNOWNED RESOURCES

D. International Relations

 1. COLONIALISM

 2. FOREIGN INTERVENTION

 3. SPACE EXPLORATION

V. Omissions



                      STATEMENT OF PRINCIPLES

We, the members  of the Libertarian  Party, challenge the cult  of the
omnipotent state and defend the rights of the individual.

We hold that  all individuals have the right to exercise sole dominion
over their own  lives, and have  the right to live  in whatever manner
they choose, so  long as they do not forcibly interfere with the equal
right of others to live in whatever manner they choose.

Governments throughout history have regularly operated on the opposite
principle, that the  State has the  right to dispose of  the lives  of
individuals and the  fruits of their  labor.  Even within  the  United
States, all political  parties other than  our own grant to government
the right to regulate the lives of individuals and seize the fruits of
their labor without their consent.

We, on the  contrary, deny the  right of any government  to  do  these
things, and hold  that where governments  exist, they must not violate
the rights of  any individual:  namely,  (1)  the  right  to  life  --
accordingly we support  the prohibition of  the initiation of physical
force against others; (2) the right to liberty of speech and action --
accordingly we oppose  all  attempts  by  government  to  abridge  the
freedom of speech  and press, as  well as government censorship in any
form; and (3)  the right to  property --  accordingly  we  oppose  all
government interference with  private property, such  as confiscation,
nationalization, and eminent  domain, and support  the prohibition  of
robbery, trespass, fraud, and misrepresentation.

Since  governments,  when  instituted,  must  not  violate  individual
rights, we oppose  all interference by  government  in  the  areas  of
voluntary and contractual  relations among individuals.  People should
not be forced to sacrifice their lives and property for the benefit of
others.  They should  be left free  by government  to  deal  with  one
another as free  traders; and the  resultant economic system, the only
one compatible with  the protection of  individual rights, is the free
market.



                I. INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS AND CIVIL ORDER

No conflict exists  between civil order  and individual rights.   Both
concepts  are  based  on  the  same  fundamental  principle:  that  no
individual, group, or  government may initiate force against any other
individual, group, or government.


1. FREEDOM AND RESPONSIBILITY

Members of the  Libertarian  Party  do  not  necessarily  advocate  or
condone any of  the practices our  policies  would  make  legal.   Our
exclusion of moral  approval and disapproval  is deliberate:  people's
rights must be recognized; the wisdom of any course of peaceful action
is  a  matter  for  the  acting  individual(s)  to  decide.   Personal
responsibility is discouraged  by society routinely denying the people
the opportunity to  exercise it.  Libertarian  policies will create  a
society where people  are free  to  make  and  learn  from  their  own
decisions.

2. CRIME

The continuing high  level of violent  crime -- and  the  government's
demonstrated inability  to  deal  with  it  --  threatens  the  lives,
happiness,  and  belongings   of  Americans.   At   the   same   time,
governmental violations of  rights undermine  the  people's  sense  of
justice with regard  to crime.  The  appropriate way to suppress crime
is through consistent  and impartial enforcement  of laws that protect
individual rights.  Laws  pertaining to "victimless  crimes" should be
repealed since such laws themselves violate individual rights and also
breed other types  of crime.  We  applaud  the  trend  toward  private
protection services and  voluntary community crime control groups.  We
support institutional changes,  consistent with full  respect for  the
rights of the  accused,  that  would  permit  victims  to  direct  the
prosecution in criminal cases.

3. VICTIMLESS CRIMES

Because only actions  that  infringe  on  the  rights  of  others  can
properly be termed  crimes, we favor the repeal of all federal, state,
and local laws  creating "crimes" without  victims.  In particular, we
advocate:

a.   the  repeal   of  all  laws  prohibiting  the  production,  sale,
possession, or  use  of  drugs,  and  of  all  medicinal  prescription
requirements  for  the   purchase  of  vitamins,  drugs,  and  similar
substances;

b.  the repeal  of all laws restricting or prohibiting the use or sale
of alcohol, including  the imposition of  a minimum drinking age,  and
making bartenders or  hosts responsible for  the behavior of customers
and guests;

c.  the repeal  of all laws  or policies authorizing stopping  drivers
without probable cause to test for alcohol or drug use;

d.  the repeal  of all laws  regarding  consensual  sexual  relations,
including prostitution and  solicitation, and the  cessation of  state
oppression and harassment  of homosexual men  and women, that they, at
last, be accorded their full rights as individuals;

e.  the repeal  of all laws  regulating or prohibiting the possession,
use, sale, production,  or distribution of sexually explicit material,
independent  of  "socially   redeeming  value"  or   compliance   with
"community standards";

f.  the repeal of all laws regulating or prohibiting gambling;

g.  the repeal  of anti-racketeering statutes  such as  the  Racketeer
Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act (RICO), which punish peaceful
behavior -- including  insider trading in securities, sale of sexually
explicit  material,  and   nonviolent  anti-abortion  protests  --  by
freezing assets of  the accused and  seizing assets of the  accused or
convicted; and

h.  the repeal  of all laws  interfering  with  the  right  to  commit
suicide as infringements of the ultimate right of an individual to his
or her own life.

We demand the  use of executive pardon to free and exonerate all those
presently incarcerated or  ever convicted solely for the commission of
these "crimes."  We  condemn the wholesale  confiscation  of  property
prior to conviction by the state that all too often accompanies police
raids, searches, and prosecutions for victimless crimes.

Further, we recognize  that, often, the  Federal Government blackmails
states which refuse to comply with these laws by withholding funds and
we applaud those states which refuse to be so coerced.

4. SAFEGUARDS FOR THE CRIMINALLY ACCUSED

Until such time as persons are proved guilty of crimes, they should be
accorded full respect  for  their  individual  rights.   We  are  thus
opposed to reduction of constitutional safeguards of the rights of the
criminally accused.

We oppose labeling  cases as "civil" strictly to avoid the due process
protections of criminal  law and we  further oppose governmental civil
and criminal pretrial seizure of property for criminal offenses.

We oppose police  officers using excessive  force on the disorderly or
the criminally accused,  handing out what  they  may  consider  to  be
instant punishments on the streets, preventive detention, and no-knock
laws. Instant-punishment policies  deprive the  accused  of  important
checks on government  power -- juries  and the judicial  process.   We
oppose any concept  that some individuals  are by nature  second-class
citizens who only understand instant punishment and any claim that the
police possess special  insight into recognizing  persons in  need  of
punishment.

We support full restitution for all loss suffered by persons arrested,
indicted, tried, imprisoned,  or otherwise injured  in the  course  of
criminal  proceedings  against  them  that  do  not  result  in  their
conviction.  When they are responsible, government police employees or
agents should be liable for this restitution.

We call  for  a  reform  of  the  judicial  system  allowing  criminal
defendants and civil  parties to a court action a reasonable number of
peremptory challenges to proposed judges, similar to their right under
the present system to challenge a proposed juror.

5. JUSTICE FOR THE INDIVIDUAL

The  present  system  of  criminal  law  is  based  almost  solely  on
punishment with little concern for the victim.  We support restitution
for the victim  to the fullest  degree possible at the  expense of the
criminal or wrongdoer.

We oppose the  prosecution of individuals  for exercising their rights
of self-defense.

We oppose all  "no-fault" insurance laws,  which deprive the victim of
the right to  recover damages from  those responsible in the  case  of
injury.  We also  support the  right  of  the  victim  to  pardon  the
criminal or wrongdoer, barring threats to the victim for this purpose.
We applaud the growth of private adjudication of disputes by mutually
acceptable judges.

We support a  change in rape  laws so that cohabitation will no longer
be a defense against a charge of rape.

6. JURIES

We  oppose  the  current  practice  of  forced  jury  duty  and  favor
all-volunteer juries. In  addition,  we  urge  the  assertion  of  the
common-law right of  juries to judge  not only the facts  but also the
justice of the  law. In all  cases to which the government is a party,
the judge should  be required to inform the jurors of their common law
right to judge the law, as well as the facts, and to acquit a criminal
defendant, and to  find against  the  government  in  a  civil  trial,
whenever they deem the law unjust or oppressive.

7. INDIVIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY

The only legitimate use of force is in defense of individual rights --
life, liberty, and  justly acquired property  --  against  aggression,
whether by force  or fraud.  This right inheres in the individual, who
-- with his  or her consent -- may be aided by any other individual or
group.

The right of  defense extends to  defense against aggressive  acts  of
government.  We favor  an immediate end  to the doctrine of "Sovereign
Immunity" which  ignores  the  primacy  of  the  individual  over  the
abstraction of the  State, and holds  that the State, contrary  to the
tradition of redress  of grievances,  may  not  be  sued  without  its
permission or held accountable for its actions under civil law.

8. GOVERNMENT AND MENTAL HEALTH

We oppose the  involuntary commitment of  any person to or involuntary
treatment in a mental institution.

We advocate an  immediate end to  the spending of tax  money  for  any
program of  psychiatric,  psychological,  or  behavioral  research  or
treatment.

We favor an  end to the  acceptance  of  criminal  defenses  based  on
"insanity" or "diminished  capacity" which absolve the guilty of their
responsibility when criminal intent is shown.

9. FREEDOM OF COMMUNICATION

We defend the  rights of individuals to unrestricted freedom of speech
and freedom of  the press and  guarantee the right of  individuals  to
dissent from government  itself.  We recognize  that full  freedom  of
expression is possible  only as part  of a  system  of  full  property
rights.  The freedom  to use one's  own voice; the freedom  to hire  a
hall; the freedom  to own a printing press, a broadcasting station, or
a transmission cable;  the freedom to wave or burn one's own flag; and
similar property-based freedoms  are precisely what constitute freedom
of communication.  At  the same time,  we recognize  that  freedom  of
communication does not extend to the use of other people's property to
promote one's ideas without the voluntary consent of the owners.

We oppose any  abridgment of the  freedom of speech through government
censorship, regulation or  control of communications media, including,
but not limited to, laws concerning:

-- Obscenity, including  "pornography", as  we  hold  this  to  be  an
abridgment of liberty  of expression despite claims that it instigates
rape or assault, or demeans and slanders women;

-- Reception  and  storage  equipment,  such  as  digital  audio  tape
recorders and radar  warning devices, and  the  manufacture  of  video
terminals by telephone companies;

-- Electronic bulletin  boards,  communications  networks,  and  other
interactive electronic media  as we hold  them to  be  the  functional
equivalent of speaking  halls and  printing  presses  in  the  age  of
electronic communications, and as such deserving of full freedom;

-- Electronic newspapers,  electronic "Yellow Pages",  and  other  new
information media, as these deserve full freedom.

-- Commercial speech or advertising.

We oppose speech  codes at all  schools that are primarily tax funded.
Language that is deemed offensive to certain groups is not a cause for
legal action.

We favor the  abolition of the Federal Communications Commission as we
would provide  for  free  market  ownership  of  airwave  frequencies,
deserving of full First Amendment protection.

We oppose government  ownership or subsidy  of, or  funding  for,  any
communications organization.

We strongly oppose  the government's burgeoning  practice of  invading
newsrooms, or the  premises of other  innocent third parties,  in  the
name of law  enforcement. We further  oppose court orders gagging news
coverage of criminal proceedings -- the right to publish and broadcast
must not be  abridged merely  for  the  convenience  of  the  judicial
system.  We deplore  any efforts to  impose  thought  control  on  the
media, either  by  the  use  of  anti-trust  laws,  or  by  any  other
government action in the name of stopping "bias."

Removal of all  of these  regulations  and  practices  throughout  the
communications media would  open the way  to diversity and innovation.
We shall not  be satisfied until  the First Amendment is  expanded  to
protect full, unconditional freedom of communication.

10. FREEDOM OF RELIGION

We defend the rights of individuals to engage in (or abstain from) any
religious activities that  do not violate  the rights of  others.   In
order to defend freedom, we advocate a strict separation of church and
State.  We oppose  government actions that  either aid or  attack  any
religion.  We oppose  taxation of church  property for the same reason
that we oppose all taxation.

We condemn the  attempts by parents  or any others -- via kidnappings,
conservatorships,  or  instruction   under  confinement  --  to  force
children to conform  to their parents' or any others' religious views.
Government  harassment  or  obstruction  of  unconventional  religious
groups for their beliefs or non-violent activities must end.

11. THE RIGHT TO PROPERTY

There is  no  conflict  between  property  rights  and  human  rights.
Indeed, property rights  are the rights  of  humans  with  respect  to
property, and as such, are entitled to the same respect and protection
as all other human rights.

Moreover, all human  rights are property  rights too.  Such rights  as
the freedom from  involuntary servitude as  well  as  the  freedom  of
speech and the  freedom of press  are based  on  self-ownership.   Our
bodies are our  property every bit  as much as is justly acquired land
or material objects.

We further hold  that the owners  of property have the  full right  to
control, use, dispose  of, or in  any  manner  enjoy,  their  property
without interference, until  and unless the  exercise of their control
infringes the valid rights of others.  We oppose all violations of the
right to private  property, liberty of  contract, and freedom of trade
done in the  name of  national  security.   We  also  condemn  current
government efforts to  regulate or ban the use of property in the name
of  aesthetic  values,   riskiness,  moral   standards,   cost-benefit
estimates, or the promotion or restriction of economic growth.

We demand an  end to the  taxation of privately owned  real  property,
which actually makes  the State the  owner of  all  lands  and  forces
individuals to rent their homes and places of business from the State.
We condemn attempts  to employ eminent  domain to municipalize sports
teams or to try to force them to stay in their present location.

Where property, including  land, has  been  taken  from  its  rightful
owners by the  government or private action in violation of individual
rights, we favor restitution to the rightful owners.  Specifically, we
call for the return of lands taken from Americans of Japanese ancestry
during World War II.

12. PROTECTION OF PRIVACY

The individual's right to privacy, property, and right to speak or not
to speak should  not be infringed  by the government.  The  government
should not use  electronic or other means of covert surveillance of an
individual's actions or  private property without  the consent of  the
owner  or  occupant.    Correspondence,  bank  and   other   financial
transactions  and  records,   doctors'  and  lawyers'  communications,
employment records, and  the like should  not be  open  to  review  by
government without the  consent  of  all  parties  involved  in  those
actions.

We support the protections provided by the Fourth Amendment and oppose
any government use  of search warrants  to examine or seize  materials
belonging to innocent third parties.  We also oppose police roadblocks
aimed at randomly,  and without probable  cause, testing  drivers  for
intoxication and police  practices to stop  mass transit vehicles  and
search passengers without probable cause.

So long as  the National Census  and all  federal,  state,  and  other
government agencies' compilations of data on an individual continue to
exist, they should  be conducted only  with the consent of the persons
from whom the data is sought.

We oppose all  proposed regulations of civilian research on encryption
methods. We also  oppose government classification of such research or
requirements that deciphering methods be disclosed to the government.

If a private  employer screens prospective  or current  employees  via
questionnaires, polygraph tests,  urine tests for  drugs, blood  tests
for AIDS, or other means, this is a condition of that employer's labor
contracts. Such screening  does not violate  the rights of  employees,
who have the  right to boycott  such employers if they choose. Private
contractual arrangements, including  labor contracts, must  be founded
on mutual consent  and agreement in  a society that upholds freedom of
association. On the other hand, we oppose any use of such screening by
government or regulations  requiring government contractors  to impose
any such screening.

We oppose government  regulations that require  employers  to  provide
health  insurance  coverage   for  employees,  which  often  encourage
unnecessary  intrusions  by   employers  into  the  privacy  of  their
employees.

We oppose the  issuance by the  government of an identity  card, to be
required for any  purpose,  such  as  employment,  voting,  or  border
crossing.

We further oppose  the nearly universal  requirement for  use  of  the
Social Security Number  as a personal  identification code, whether by
government  agencies  or  by  intimidation  of  private  companies  by
governments.

13. GOVERNMENT SECRECY

We condemn the government's use of secret classifications to keep from
the public information  that it should  have.  We favor substituting a
system  in  which   no  individual  may  be  convicted  for  violating
government secrecy classifications  unless the  government  discharges
its burden of proving that the publication:

a.  violated the  right of privacy of those who have been coerced into
revealing  confidential  or   proprietary  information  to  government
agents, or

b.  disclosed defensive  military plans so as to materially impair the
capabilities to respond to attack.

It should always  be a defense  to such prosecution  that  information
divulged shows that the government has violated the law.

14. INTERNAL SECURITY AND CIVIL LIBERTIES

We  call  for   abolition  of  secret  police,  such  as  the  Central
Intelligence  Agency.   We   support  Congressional  investigation  of
criminal activities of  the CIA and  FBI and of  wrongdoing  by  other
governmental agencies.

We  support  the   abolition  of  the   subpoena  power  as  used   by
Congressional committees against  individuals or firms.  We oppose any
efforts to  revive  the  House  Internal  Security  Committee  or  its
predecessor the House  Un-American Activities Committee,  and call for
the destruction of  its files on  private individuals and groups.   We
also call for  the abolition of  the Senate Subcommittee  on  Internal
Security.

15. THE RIGHT TO KEEP AND BEAR ARMS

The Bill of  Rights recognizes that an armed citizenry is essential to
a free society.   We affirm the right to keep and bear arms and oppose
all laws at  any  level  of  government  restricting,  regulating,  or
requiring the ownership, manufacture, transfer, or sale of firearms or
ammunition. We oppose  all laws requiring  registration of firearms or
ammunition.  We also  oppose any government efforts to ban or restrict
the use of  tear gas, "mace,"  or other self-protection  devices.   We
further oppose all  attempts to  ban  weapons  or  ammunition  on  the
grounds that they are risky or unsafe.

We support repeal of the National Firearms Act of 1934 and the Federal
Gun Control Act  of 1968, and we demand the immediate abolition of the
Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms.

We favor the  repeal of laws  banning the concealment  of  weapons  or
prohibiting pocket weapons.  We also oppose the banning of inexpensive
handguns ("Saturday night specials").

16. CONSCRIPTION AND THE MILITARY

Recognizing  that  registration   is  the  first   step  toward   full
conscription, we oppose all attempts at compulsory registration of any
person and all  schemes for automatic  registration through government
invasions of the  privacy of school,  motor vehicle, or other records.
We call for  the abolition of  the still-functioning elements  of  the
Selective Service System,  believing that impressment  of  individuals
into the armed  forces is involuntary  servitude.   We  call  for  the
destruction of  all  files  in  computer-readable  or  hard-copy  form
compiled by the  Selective Service System.  We also oppose any form of
national service, such as a compulsory youth labor program.

We oppose adding  women to the  pool of those eligible for and subject
to the draft,  not because we think that as a rule women are unfit for
combat, but because  we believe that  this step enlarges the number of
people subjected to government tyranny.

We support the immediate and unconditional exoneration of all who have
been accused  or  convicted  of  draft  evasion,  desertion  from  the
military, and other  acts of  resistance  to  such  transgressions  as
imperialistic wars and  aggressive acts of  the military.  Members  of
the military should  have the same  right to quit their  jobs as other
persons.

We call for  the end of the Defense Department practice of discharging
armed forces personnel  for homosexual conduct.   We further call  for
retraction of all  less-than-honorable discharges previously  assigned
for such reasons  and  deletion  of  such  information  from  military
personnel files.

We recommend the  repeal of the  Uniform Code of Military  Justice and
the recognition and  equal protection of  the rights of  armed  forces
members.  This will  thereby promote morale,  dignity, and a sense  of
justice within the military.

17. IMMIGRATION

We hold that  human rights should  not be denied or  abridged  on  the
basis  of  nationality.   We  condemn  massive  roundups  of  Hispanic
Americans and others  by  the  federal  government  in  its  hunt  for
individuals not possessing required government documents.  We strongly
oppose all  measures  that  punish  employers  who  hire  undocumented
workers.  Such measures  repress free enterprise,  harass workers, and
systematically discourage employers from hiring Hispanics.

We welcome all refugees to our country and condemn the efforts of U.S.
officials to create a new "Berlin Wall" which would keep them captive.
We condemn the  U.S.  government's policy  of barring  those  refugees
from our country and preventing Americans from assisting their passage
to help them escape tyranny or improve their economic prospects.

Undocumented non-citizens should not be denied the fundamental freedom
to labor and  to move about unmolested.  Furthermore, immigration must
not be restricted for reasons of race, religion, political creed, age,
or sexual preference.

We  therefore  call   for  the  elimination  of  all  restrictions  on
immigration, the  abolition  of  the  Immigration  and  Naturalization
Service and the  Border Patrol, and  a declaration of full amnesty for
all  people  who  have  entered  the  country  illegally.   We  oppose
government welfare and  resettlement payments to  non-citizens just as
we oppose government welfare payments to all other persons.

18. DISCRIMINATION

Individual rights should  not be denied,  abridged, or enhanced at the
expense of other  people's rights, on  the basis of sex, wealth, race,
color,  creed,  age,   national  origin,  personal  habits,  political
preference, or  sexual  orientation  by  the  laws  at  any  level  of
government.  Protective labor  laws, Selective Service laws, and other
laws that violate  rights  selectively  should  be  repealed  entirely
rather than being extended to all groups.

Discrimination imposed by  the government has  brought  disruption  in
normal relationships of people, set neighbor against neighbor, created
gross injustices, and diminished human potential.  Anti-discrimination
enforced by the  government is the  reverse side of the coin, and will
for the same  reasons create  the  same  problems.   Consequently,  we
oppose any government  attempts to  regulate  private  discrimination,
including discrimination in  employment, housing, and  privately owned
so-called public accommodations.   The right  to  trade  includes  the
right not to trade -- for any reasons whatsoever.

19. WOMEN'S RIGHTS AND ABORTION

We hold that individual rights should not be denied or abridged on the
basis of sex.   We call for  repeal of all laws discriminating against
women, such as  protective labor laws  and marriage  or  divorce  laws
which deny the  full rights of  men and women.   We  oppose  all  laws
likely to impose  restrictions on free  choice and private property or
to widen tyranny through reverse discrimination.

Recognizing that each  person must be  the sole and absolute  owner of
his or her  own body, we support the right of women to make a personal
choice  regarding  the   termination  of  pregnancy.   We  oppose  the
undermining of the  right via laws  requiring consent of the  pregnant
woman's parents, consent  of the prospective  father, waiting periods,
or compulsory provision  of indoctrination on  medical risks or  fetal
development.  However, we  also oppose all  tax funding for abortions.
It is particularly  harsh to force  someone who believes that abortion
is  murder  to   pay  for  another's   abortion.   We   also   condemn
state-mandated abortions.

20. FAMILY LIFE

We support protection  of the integrity  of families and households as
contractual   institutions   against    government    intrusion    and
interference.  Such governmental interference has undermined the value
of families and  households as cultural institutions of love, nurture,
companionship, kinship, and  personal development by  forcing them  to
conform to a  rigid, inflexible  design.   Moreover,  we  condemn  the
usurpation by  government  through  morals  laws,  government  welfare
programs, and government  schools, of activities  long carried  on  by
families and households.   We further accuse  government of  designing
educational programs that  place civic and  moral education under  the
control of politicians  and of designing  welfare  laws  that  destroy
families and households.

21. CHILDREN'S RIGHTS

Children are human  beings and, as  such, have all the rights of human
beings.

We  recognize  that  children  who  have  not  reached  maturity  need
guardians to secure  their rights and  to aid in the exercise of those
rights. We hold  that guardianship belongs  to those who most love and
value the child  and his or  her development, normally the parents and
never the state.

We oppose all laws that empower government officials to seize children
and make them  "wards of the  state" or, by means  of child labor laws
and compulsory education,  to infringe on  their freedom  to  work  or
learn as they  choose.  We oppose  all legally created  or  sanctioned
discrimination against (or  in favor of)  children, just as we  oppose
government discrimination directed  at any other  artificially defined
sub-category of human  beings.  Specifically we oppose ordinances that
outlaw adults-only apartment housing.

We also support  the repeal of  all laws establishing any  category of
crimes applicable to  children for which adults would not be similarly
vulnerable, such as  curfew, smoking, and alcoholic beverage laws, and
other status offenses.   Similarly, we favor  the repeal of  "stubborn
child" laws and  laws establishing the category of "persons in need of
supervision." We call  for an end  to the practice in  many states  of
jailing children not  accused of any crime.  We seek the repeal of all
"children's codes" or  statutes which abridge  due process protections
for young people.   We further favor  the abolition  of  the  juvenile
court system, so  that juveniles will  be held fully  responsible  for
their crimes.

Whenever parents or  other guardians are  unable or unwilling to  care
for their children,  those guardians have  the  right  to  seek  other
persons who are  willing to assume guardianship, and children have the
right to seek other guardians who place a higher value on their lives.
Accordingly, we oppose  all laws that impede these processes, notably
those restricting private  adoption services or those forcing children
to remain in the custody of their parents against their will.

Children should always  have the right  to establish their maturity by
assuming administration and  protection of their  own  rights,  ending
dependency upon their  parents or other guardians and assuming all the
responsibilities of adulthood.

22. AMERICAN INDIAN RIGHTS

The major factors  underlying the unconscionable  plight of  America's
Indians may be summarized as follows: (1) the unresolved complexity of
dual national citizenship;  (2) the attrition of reservation lands and
abridgment  of  Indian   rights  to  remaining  properties;  (3)  the
subjugation of individual  Indians to the Bureau of Indian Affairs and
tribal governmental authority;  and (4) various federal commitments to
provide the  tribes  with  health,  education,  and  welfare  benefits
"forever" in exchange for expropriated lands.

We favor the  following remedies, respectively: (1) individual Indians
should be free  to select their citizenship, if any, and tribes should
be  allowed  to  choose  their  level  of  autonomy,  up  to  absolute
sovereignty; (2)  Indians  should  have  their  just  property  rights
restored, including rights  of easement, access,  hunting and fishing;
(3) the Bureau  of Indian  Affairs  should  be  abolished  and  tribal
members allowed to  decide the extent  and nature of their government,
if any; and  (4) negotiations should be undertaken to exchange various
otherwise unclaimed and  unowned federal properties  for any  and  all
remaining governmental obligations to the tribes.

We further advocate holding fully liable those responsible for any and
all damages which  have resulted from  authorization of, or engagement
in, resource development  on reservation lands, including damages done
by careless disposal of uranium tailings and other mineral wastes.

23. THE WAR ON DRUGS

The so-called "War  on Drugs" is a grave threat to individual liberty,
to domestic order  and to peace  in the  world;  furthermore,  it  has
provided a rationale by which the power of the state has been expanded
to restrict greatly  our right to  privacy and to  be  secure  in  our
homes.

We call for  the repeal of  all laws establishing  criminal  or  civil
penalties  for  the   use  of  drugs   and  of  "anti-crime"  measures
restricting individual rights  to be secure in our persons, homes, and
property, or limiting our rights to keep and bear arms.



                     II. TRADE AND THE ECONOMY

Because each person  has the right  to offer  goods  and  services  to
others on the  free market, and  because government  interference  can
only harm such free activity, we oppose all intervention by government
into the  area  of  economics.   The  only  proper  role  of  existing
governments in the  economic realm  is  to  protect  property  rights,
adjudicate disputes, and  provide a legal framework in which voluntary
trade is protected.

Efforts to forcibly  redistribute wealth or  forcibly manage trade are
intolerable.   Government  manipulation  of  the  economy  creates  an
entrenched privileged class  -- those with  access to tax money -- and
an exploited class -- those who are net taxpayers.


1. THE ECONOMY

Government intervention in  the economy  imperils  both  the  personal
freedom and the  material prosperity of  every American.  We therefore
support the following specific immediate reforms:

a.  drastic reduction of both taxes and government spending;

b.  an end to deficit budgets;

c.  a halt to inflationary monetary policies;

d.  the removal of all governmental impediments to free trade; and

e.  the repeal  of all controls  on  wages,  prices,  rents,  profits,
production, and interest rates.

2. TAXATION

Since we believe  that all persons  are entitled to keep the fruits of
their labor, we  oppose all government  activity that consists of  the
forcible collection of money or goods from individuals in violation of
their individual rights.  Specifically, we:

a.  recognize the  right of any individual to challenge the payment of
taxes on moral, religious, legal, or constitutional grounds;

b.  oppose all  personal  and  corporate  income  taxation,  including
capital gains taxes;

c.  support the  repeal of the  Sixteenth Amendment,  and  oppose  any
increase in existing tax rates and the imposition of any new taxes;

d.  support the eventual repeal of all taxation; and

e.  support a  declaration of  unconditional  amnesty  for  all  those
individuals who have  been convicted of,  or who now stand accused of,
tax resistance.

As an interim  measure, all criminal  and civil sanctions against  tax
evasion should be terminated immediately.

We oppose as  involuntary servitude  any  legal  requirements  forcing
employers or business  owners to serve  as tax collectors for federal,
state, or local tax agencies.

We oppose any  and all increases in the rate of taxation or categories
of taxpayers, including  the elimination of deductions, exemptions, or
credits in the  spurious name of  "fairness," "simplicity," or alleged
"neutrality to the  free market."  No tax can ever be fair, simple, or
neutral to the free market.

In the current  fiscal crisis of states and municipalities, default is
preferable to raising taxes or perpetual refinancing of growing public
debt.

3. INFLATION AND DEPRESSION

We recognize that  government control over  money and banking  is  the
primary cause of  inflation and depression.   Individuals  engaged  in
voluntary exchange should  be  free  to  use  as  money  any  mutually
agreeable commodity or  item, such as  gold coins denominated by units
of weight.  We  therefore call for the repeal of all legal tender laws
and of all  compulsory governmental units  of account.  We support the
right to private  ownership of and  contracts for gold.  We  favor the
elimination of all  government fiat money  and all  government  minted
coins.  All restrictions  upon the private  minting of coins should be
abolished so that  minting will be open to the competition of the free
market.

We favor free-market  banking.  We  call  for  the  abolition  of  the
Federal Reserve System,  Federal Deposit  Insurance  Corporation,  the
National  Banking  System,   and  all  similar   national  and   state
interventions  affecting   banking   and   credit.    Our   opposition
encompasses all controls  on the rate  of interest.  We also  call for
the abolition of  the Federal Home  Loan Bank System,  the  Resolution
Trust Corporation,  the  National  Credit  Union  Administration,  the
National Credit Union  Central Liquidity  Facility,  and  all  similar
national  and  state   interventions  affecting   savings   and   loan
associations, credit unions, and other depository institutions.  There
should  be  unrestricted   competition  among  banks   and  depository
institutions of all types.

To complete the  separation of bank and State, we favor the Jacksonian
independent treasury system, in which all government funds are held by
the government itself  and not deposited  in any private  banks.   The
only further necessary check upon monetary inflation is the consistent
application of the general protection against fraud to the minting and
banking industries.

Pending its abolition,  the Federal Reserve  System, in order to  halt
rampant  inflation,  must  immediately  cease  its  expansion  of  the
quantity of money.  As interim measures, we further support:

a.  the lifting of all restrictions on branch banking;

b.  the repeal of all state usury laws;

c.  the removal of all remaining restrictions on the interest paid for
deposits;

d.  the elimination  of laws setting  margin requirements on purchases
and sales of securities;

e.  the revocation of all other selective credit controls;

f.  the abolition  of Federal Reserve  control over  the  reserves  of
non-member banks and other depository institutions; and

g.  the lifting of the prohibition of domestic deposits denominated in
foreign currencies.

4. FINANCE AND CAPITAL INVESTMENT

We call for  the abolition of  all regulation of financial and capital
markets.  Specifically, we  demand the  abolition  of  the  tyrannical
Securities and Exchange  Commission, of state  "Blue Sky"  laws  which
repress  small  and   risky  capital  ventures,  and  of  all  federal
regulation of commodity  markets.  We oppose  any attempts to  ban  or
regulate  such  innovative   financial   devices   as   investing   in
stock-market index futures.

We call for repeal of all laws based on the muddled concept of insider
trading.  What should  be punished is  the  theft  of  information  or
breach of contract  to hold information  in confidence, not trading on
the basis of  valuable knowledge.   We  support  the  right  of  third
parties to make  stock purchase tender offers to stockholders over the
opposition of entrenched  management, and oppose  all laws restricting
such offers.

5. GOVERNMENT DEBT

We support the  drive for a  constitutional  amendment  requiring  the
national government to  balance its budget,  and also support  similar
amendments to require  balanced state budgets.   To  be  effective,  a
balanced budget amendment should provide:

a.  that neither  Congress nor the  President be permitted to override
this requirement;

b.  that all off-budget items are included in the budget;

c.  that the  budget is balanced  exclusively by cutting expenditures,
and not by raising taxes; and

d.  that no exception be made for periods of national emergency.

The Federal Reserve  should be forbidden  to  acquire  any  additional
government securities, thereby  helping to eliminate  the inflationary
aspect of the deficit.  Governments facing fiscal crises should always
default in preference  to raising taxes.   At a minimum, the  level of
government should be frozen.

6. MONOPOLIES

We condemn all  coercive monopolies.  We  recognize that government is
the source of  monopoly, through its  grants  of  legal  privilege  to
special interests in  the economy.  In order to abolish monopolies, we
advocate a strict separation of business and State.

"Anti-trust" laws do  not prevent monopoly,  but foster it by limiting
competition.  We therefore  call for the  repeal of  all  "anti-trust"
laws,  including  the   Robinson-Patman  Act  which   restricts  price
discounts, the Sherman Anti-Trust Act, and the Clayton Anti-Trust Act.
We further call for the abolition of the Federal Trade Commission and
the anti-trust division of the Department of Justice.

We defend the right of individuals to form corporations, cooperatives,
and other types  of companies based on voluntary association.  Laws of
incorporation should not  include grants of  monopoly  privilege.   In
particular, we oppose  special limits on the liability of corporations
for damages caused  in noncontractual transactions.   We  also  oppose
state or federal  limits on the  size of private companies  and on the
right of companies  to merge.  We  further oppose efforts, in the name
of social responsibility,  or any  other  reason,  to  expand  federal
chartering of corporations  into a pretext  for government control  of
business.

7. SUBSIDIES

In order to  achieve a free  economy in which government victimizes no
one for the  benefit of any  other, we oppose all government subsidies
to business, labor, education, agriculture, science, broadcasting, the
arts, sports, or  any  other  special  interest.   In  particular,  we
condemn any  effort  to  forge  an  alliance  between  government  and
business under  the  guise  of  "reindustrialization"  or  "industrial
policy."  The unrestricted  competition of the free market is the best
way to foster  prosperity.  We therefore  oppose any resumption of the
Reconstruction Finance Corporation,  or any similar  plan  that  would
force the taxpayer to subsidize or sustain any enterprise.

We call for  the abolition of  the Federal Financing  Bank,  the  most
important  national  agency   subsidizing   special   interests   with
government  loans.   We  also  oppose  all  government  guarantees  of
so-called  private  loans.   Such  guarantees  transfer  resources  to
special interests as  effectively as  actual  government  expenditures
and, at the  national level, exceed  direct government loans in  total
amount.   Taxpayers  must   never  bear  the   cost  of  default  upon
government-guaranteed  loans.   All   national,   state,   and   local
government agencies whose  primary function  is  to  guarantee  loans,
including   the   Federal    Housing   Administration,    the    Rural
Electrification Administration, and the Small Business Administration,
should be abolished or privatized.

The  loans  of   government-sponsored  enterprises,  even   when   not
guaranteed by the government, constitute another form of subsidy.  All
such enterprises --  the Federal Home  Loan Mortgage Corporation,  the
Federal National Mortgage Association, the Farm Credit Administration,
and the Student Loan Marketing Association -- must either be abolished
or completely privatized.

Relief or exemption  from  taxation  or  from  any  other  involuntary
government intervention, however, should not be considered a subsidy.

8. TARIFFS AND QUOTAS

Like  subsidies,  tariffs  and  quotas  serve  only  to  give  special
treatment to favored  interests and to  diminish the welfare of  other
individuals.  The measures  also reduce the  scope  of  contracts  and
understanding among different peoples.  We therefore support abolition
of all tariffs  and quotas as  well as the Tariff  Commission and  the
Customs Court.

9. PUBLIC UTILITIES

We advocate the termination of government-created franchise privileges
and governmental monopolies  for such services  as garbage collection,
fire  protection,  electricity,   natural   gas,   cable   television,
telephone, or water  supplies. Furthermore,  all  rate  regulation  in
these industries  should  be  abolished.   The  right  to  offer  such
services on the market should not be curtailed by law.

10. UNIONS AND COLLECTIVE BARGAINING

We support  the  right  of  free  persons  to  voluntarily  establish,
associate in, or  not associate in,  labor unions.  An employer should
have the right  to recognize, or  refuse to recognize, a  union as the
collective bargaining agent of some, or all, of its employees.

We oppose government  interference in bargaining,  such as  compulsory
arbitration or the imposition of an obligation to bargain.  Therefore,
we urge repeal  of the National  Labor Relations Act,  and  all  state
Right-to-Work Laws which  prohibit  employers  from  making  voluntary
contracts with unions.   We oppose all  government back-to-work orders
as the imposition of a form of forced labor.

Government-mandated  waiting  periods  for  closure  of  factories  or
businesses hurt, rather  than help, the  wage-earner.  We support  all
efforts  to  benefit   workers,  owners,  and  management  by  keeping
government out of this area.

Workers and employers  should have the  right  to  organize  secondary
boycotts if they  so choose.  Nevertheless, boycotts or strikes do not
justify the initiation  of violence against  other workers, employers,
strike-breakers, and innocent bystanders.



                         III. DOMESTIC ILLS

Current problems in  such areas  as  energy,  pollution,  health  care
delivery, decaying  cities,  and  poverty  are  not  solved,  but  are
primarily  caused,  by  government.   The  welfare  state,  supposedly
designed to aid the poor, is in reality a growing and parasitic burden
on all productive  people, and injures, rather than benefits, the poor
themselves.


1. ENERGY

We oppose all  government control of  energy pricing, allocation,  and
production, such as  that imposed by  the Department of Energy,  state
public utility commissions,  and  state  pro-rationing  agencies.   We
oppose all government  subsidies for energy research, development, and
operation.

We oppose all  direct and indirect  government  participation  in  the
nuclear energy industry, including subsidies, research and development
funds, guaranteed loans, waste disposal subsidies, and federal uranium
enrichment facilities.  The  Nuclear Regulatory Commission  should  be
abolished;  full  liability  --  not  government  agencies  --  should
regulate nuclear power.   The Price-Anderson Act,  through  which  the
government  limits  liability  for  nuclear  accidents  and  furnishes
partial payment at  taxpayer expense,  should  be  repealed.   Nuclear
energy should be  denationalized and the industry's assets transferred
to the private  sector.  Any nuclear power industry must meet the test
of a free market.

We oppose any restriction on the use of alternative fuels.

We support abolition  of the Department of Energy and the abolition of
its component  agencies,  without  their  transfer  elsewhere  in  the
government.  We oppose  the creation  of  any  emergency  mobilization
agency in the  energy field, which  would wield dictatorial powers  in
order to override  normal legal processes.   We oppose all  government
conservation  schemes  through   the  use  of  taxes,  subsidies,  and
regulation, as well  as the dictated conversion of utilities and other
industries to coal  or any other  fuel.  We oppose any attempt to give
the federal government  a monopoly over  the importation of oil, or to
develop a subsidized  government energy corporation  whose  privileged
status would be used as a yardstick for condemning private enterprise.
We oppose the  "strategic storage" program,  any  attempt  to  compel
national self-sufficiency in  oil, any extension  of cargo  preference
law to imports,  and any attempt  to raise oil tariffs  or impose  oil
import quotas.  We oppose all efforts to nationalize energy companies,
or force them  to plow back revenues solely into energy production and
the discovery of  energy sources,  or  prohibit  them  from  acquiring
companies in non-energy  fields.  We also  oppose all efforts to break
up vertically and  horizontally integrated energy  companies or  force
them to divest their pipelines.

We consider all  attempts to impose  an operational or standby program
of gasoline rationing to be unworkable, unnecessary, and tyrannical.

We favor the  creation of a  free market in oil  by  instituting  full
property rights in  underground oil and  by the repeal of  all federal
and state controls  over price and  output in the petroleum  industry.
All government-owned energy resources should be turned over to private
ownership.

2. POLLUTION

Pollution of other  people's property is  a  violation  of  individual
rights. Present legal  principles, particularly the  unjust and  false
concept of "public  property," block privatisation  of the use of  the
environment and hence  block resolution of controversies over resource
use.  We support the development of an objective legal system defining
property rights to  air and water.   We call for a modification of the
laws governing such  torts as trespass  and nuisance to cover  damages
done by  air,  water,  radiation,  and  noise  pollution.   We  oppose
legislative  proposals  to   exempt  persons  who  claim  damage  from
radiation from having  to prove such  damage was  in  fact  caused  by
radiation.  Strict liability,  not government agencies  and  arbitrary
government standards, should  regulate pollution.  We therefore demand
the abolition of  the Environmental Protection Agency.  We also oppose
government-mandated smoking and  non-smoking areas in  privately owned
businesses.

Toxic waste disposal problems have been created by government policies
that separate liability  from property.  Rather  than making taxpayers
pay for toxic  waste clean-ups, individual  property owners, or in the
case of corporations,  the responsible managers  and employees, should
be held strictly  liable for material  damage done by their  property.
Claiming that one  has abandoned a  piece of property does not absolve
one of the  responsibility for actions  one has  set  in  motion.   We
condemn the EPA's  Superfund whose taxing  powers are used to penalize
all chemical firms, regardless of their conduct.  Such clean-ups are a
subsidy of irresponsible companies at the expense of responsible ones.

3. CONSUMER PROTECTION

We   support   strong   and   effective   laws   against   fraud   and
misrepresentation.  However, we oppose paternalistic regulations which
dictate to consumers, impose prices, define standards for products, or
otherwise  restrict  risk-taking   and   free   choice.    We   oppose
governmental promotion or imposition of the metric system.

We  oppose  all  so-called  "consumer  protection"  legislation  which
infringes upon voluntary  trade, and call  for the  abolition  of  the
Consumer Product Safety  Commission.  We advocate  the repeal  of  all
laws banning or  restricting the advertising  of prices, products,  or
services.  We specifically  oppose laws requiring an individual to buy
or use so-called "self-protection" equipment such as safety belts, air
bags, or crash helmets.

We advocate the  abolition of  the  Federal  Aviation  Administration,
which has  jeopardized  airline  safety  by  arrogating  to  itself  a
monopoly of safety regulation and enforcement.

We advocate the  abolition of the  Food and  Drug  Administration  and
particularly  its   policies   of   mandating   specific   nutritional
requirements  and  denying   the  right  of   manufacturers  to   make
non-fraudulent claims concerning  their products.  We  advocate an end
to compulsory fluoridation  of water supplies.  We specifically oppose
government regulation of  the price, potency,  or quantity able to  be
produced or purchased  of drugs or other consumer goods.  There should
be   no   laws   regarding   what   substances   (nicotine,   alcohol,
hallucinogens, narcotics,  Laetrile,  artificial  sweeteners,  vitamin
supplements, or other "drugs") a person may ingest or otherwise use.

4. EDUCATION

We  advocate  the   complete  separation  of   education  and   State.
Government  schools  lead   to  the  indoctrination  of  children  and
interfere with the  free choice of individuals.  Government ownership,
operation, regulation, and  subsidy of schools  and colleges should be
ended. We call  for  the  repeal  of  the  guarantees  of  tax-funded,
government-provided  education,  which   are  found  in   most   state
constitutions.

As an interim  measure to encourage  the growth of private schools and
variety in education, including home schooling, we support tax credits
for  tuition  and   other  expenditures  related  to  an  individual's
education.  We likewise  favor tax credits  for child care and  oppose
nationalization of the  child-care  industry.   We  oppose  denial  of
tax-exempt  status  to  schools  because  of  those  schools'  private
policies on hiring,  admissions, and student  deportment.  We  support
the repeal of  all taxes on the income or property of private schools,
whether for profit or non-profit.

We condemn compulsory  education laws, which spawn prison-like schools
with many of  the problems associated with prisons, and we call for an
immediate repeal of such laws.

Until  government  involvement  in  education  is  ended,  we  support
elimination, within the  governmental school system,  of forced busing
and corporal punishment.   We further support  immediate reduction  of
tax support for  schools, and removal  of the burden of  school  taxes
from those not responsible for the education of children.

5. POPULATION

Recognizing that the  American people are  not a  collective  national
resource, we oppose all coercive measures for population control.

We oppose government  actions that either compel or prohibit abortion,
sterilization, or any  other forms of birth control.  Specifically, we
condemn the  vicious  practice  of  forced  sterilization  of  welfare
recipients  or  of   mentally  retarded  or   "genetically  defective"
individuals.

We regard the  tragedies caused by  unplanned, unwanted pregnancies to
be aggravated, if  not created, by  government policies of censorship,
restriction, regulation, and  prohibition.  Therefore, we call for the
repeal of all  laws that restrict  anyone,  including  children,  from
engaging in voluntary  exchanges of goods,  services,  or  information
regarding human sexuality,  reproduction, birth  control,  or  related
medical or biological technologies.

We equally oppose  government laws  and  policies  that  restrict  the
opportunity to choose alternatives to abortion.

We support an  end to all  subsidies for childbearing built  into  our
present  laws,  including   welfare  plans  and   the   provision   of
tax-supported services for  children.   We  urge  the  elimination  of
special tax burdens  on single people  and  couples  with  few  or  no
children.

6. TRANSPORTATION

Government  interference  in   transportation  is   characterized   by
monopolistic  restriction,  corruption  and  gross  inefficiency.   We
therefore  call  for   the  dissolution  of  all  government  agencies
concerned   with   transportation,   including   the   Department   of
Transportation,  the  Interstate   Commerce  Commission,  the  Federal
Aviation Administration, the National Transportation Safety Board, the
Coast Guard, and  the Federal Maritime Commission, and the transfer of
their legitimate functions  to competitive private  firms.  We  demand
the return of America's railroad system to private ownership.  We call
for the privatization of airports, air traffic control systems, public
roads,  and   the   national   highway   system.    We   condemn   the
re-cartelization  of  commercial  aviation  by  the  Federal  Aviation
Administration via  rationing  of  take-off  and  landing  rights  and
controlling scheduling in the name of "safety."

As interim measures,  we  advocate  an  immediate  end  to  government
regulation of private transit organizations and to governmental favors
to  the  transportation  industry.   In  particular,  we  support  the
immediate repeal of  all laws restricting  transit competition such as
the granting of  taxicab and bus  monopolies and  the  prohibition  of
private jitney  services.   We  urge  immediate  deregulation  of  the
trucking industry.  Likewise,  we advocate  the  immediate  repeal  of
federally imposed speed limits.

7. POVERTY AND UNEMPLOYMENT

Government fiscal  and  monetary  measures  that  artificially  foster
business expansion guarantee  an  eventual  increase  in  unemployment
rather than curtailing  it.  We call  for the immediate  cessation  of
such  policies  as   well  as  any  governmental  attempts  to  affect
employment levels.

We support repeal of all laws that impede the ability of any person to
find employment, such  as minimum wage  laws,  so-called  "protective"
labor legislation for women and children, governmental restrictions on
the establishment of  private day-care centers, and the National Labor
Relations Act.   We  deplore  government-fostered  forced  retirement,
which robs the elderly of the right to work.

We seek the  elimination of  occupational  licensure,  which  prevents
human beings from  working in whatever  trade they wish.  We  call for
the abolition of  all federal, state,  and local  government  agencies
that restrict entry into any profession, such as education and law, or
regulate its practice.  No worker should be legally penalized for lack
of certification, and  no consumer should  be legally restrained  from
hiring unlicensed individuals.

We oppose all  government welfare, relief  projects, and "aid  to  the
poor"  programs.   All  these  government  programs  are  invasive  of
privacy, paternalistic, demeaning, and inefficient.  The proper source
of help for  such persons is  the voluntary efforts of  private groups
and individuals.

To speed the time when governmental programs are replaced by effective
private institutions we advocate dollar-for-dollar tax credits for all
charitable contributions.

8. HEALTH CARE

We  advocate  the   complete  separation  of   medicine   and   State.
Recognizing the individual's  right to self-medication,  we  seek  the
elimination of all government restrictions on the right of individuals
to pursue alternative  forms of health  care.  Individuals  should  be
free to contract  with practitioners of  their choice for  all  health
care  services.   We  oppose  any  government  infringement  upon  the
practitioner-patient  relationship  through   regulatory  agencies  or
contracted  review  organizations.    We  condemn  the   practice   of
criminally prosecuting  medical  practitioners  under  the  anti-trust
laws.

We oppose any  form of compulsory National Health Insurance, including
mandatory health insurance  benefits  required  of  employers  by  the
government.  We favor abolition of Medicare and Medicaid programs.  We
also oppose any  state or federal  area planning boards  whose  stated
purpose is to  consolidate health services or avoid their duplication.
We  support  the   removal  of  all  government  barriers  to  medical
advertising, including prohibition of publication of doctors' fees and
drug prices.  We  further support the  elimination of  laws  requiring
prescriptions for the dispensing of medicines and other health-related
items.

We condemn efforts  by government to  impose a  medical  orthodoxy  on
society.  We specifically  oppose  the  attempt  by  state  and  local
governments to deny  parents the right  to choose the option  of  home
births and to  discourage the development  of privately funded women's
clinics.  We call  for the  repeal  of  all  laws  that  restrict  the
practice of lay  midwifery or that  permit harassment of lay  midwives
and home birth  practitioners.  We also  call for the  repeal  of  all
medical licensing laws, which have raised medical costs while creating
a government-imposed monopoly of doctors and hospitals.

Since a person's  body is his  or her own property, we favor repeal of
the existing prohibition  on the commercial  sale and purchase of body
parts.

We favor the deregulation of the health insurance industry, and oppose
government-imposed limits on  its use of  genetic and other  screening
and testing methods.   We  oppose  laws  that  limit  the  freedom  of
contract  of  patients   and  health  care   professionals,  and  laws
regulating the supply  of legal aid  on a contingency fee  basis.   We
also oppose subsidy of malpractice insurance through public funds.  We
call for the  repeal of laws  forcing  health  care  professionals  to
render medical services in emergencies or other situations.

We recognize that  AIDS is a  dread disease of  epidemic  proportions.
But governmental proposals  to  combat  it  present  an  unprecedented
threat to individual  liberty and often  encourage the spread  of  the
disease.  We oppose  all government-mandated  AIDS  testing.   We  are
opposed to FDA restrictions which make it difficult for individuals to
secure  treatment  for   this  disease.   We   also   call   for   the
decriminalization of hypodermic  syringes,  especially  since  sharing
needles is now  a major means  of transmission  of  the  disease.   We
oppose government-mandated contact tracing and state intervention into
the private medical records of individuals.  We are opposed to efforts
by the government,  especially the postal  service,  to  restrict  the
dissemination of AIDS  education material.  We  support the rights  of
all individuals to  freedom of association  including the right not to
associate.

We condemn attempts  at the federal,  state, or local level to cripple
the advance of  science by governmental  restriction of research.   We
oppose subsidies to,  or restrictions of,  medical education.  We call
for an end  to government policies compelling individuals to submit to
medical experiments, treatment,  and testing.  We  condemn  compulsory
hospitalization, compulsory vaccination,  and compulsory fluoridation.
As interim measures,  we advocate dollar-for-dollar tax credits to any
individual or group  providing health care  services to the  needy  or
paying for such  services.  Tax credits  should also be made available
for private grants to medical education and medical research.

Because all individuals should have full responsibility and control of
their own lives,  we support the right of terminally or hopelessly ill
persons to end  their lives.  We  support the freedom  to  use  living
wills and durable  medical powers of  attorney  in  which  individuals
declare the manner  in which they are to be treated and the procedures
for disposal of  their remains.  In  the absence of such wills and the
ability for the  individual to choose (e.g. coma) the matter should be
decided by such  person or persons  as the individual may have clearly
preferred, with whatever  guidance they may  desire.  In keeping  with
the principle of non-coercion, no individual shall be forced to either
continue or terminate  life sustaining  care.   This  right  does  not
entitle individuals to force medical professionals or others to assist
them in ending their lives or in continuing life support.

9. RESOURCE USE

Resource management is  properly the responsibility  and right of  the
legitimate owners of  land, water, and  other natural  resources.   We
oppose government control  of resource  use  through  eminent  domain,
zoning laws, building  codes, rent control,  regional planning,  urban
renewal, or purchase  of development  rights  with  tax  money.   Such
regulations and programs violate property rights, discriminate against
minorities, create housing shortages, and tend to cause higher rents.

We advocate the  establishment of an  efficient  and  just  system  of
private water rights,  applied to all  bodies of  water,  surface  and
underground.  Such a  system should be  built upon a doctrine of first
claim and  use.   The  allocation  of  water  should  be  governed  by
unrestricted  competition  and  unregulated  prices.   All  government
restrictions upon private use or voluntary transfer of water rights or
similar despotic controls  can only  aggravate  the  misallocation  of
water.

We also advocate  the privatization of government and quasi-government
water supply systems.   The construction of  government dams and other
water projects should  cease, and existing  government water  projects
should be transferred to private ownership.  We favor the abolition of
the Bureau of  Reclamation and the  Army Corps of Engineers'  civilian
functions.  We also  favor the abolition  of all local water districts
and their power to tax.  Only the complete separation of water and the
State will prevent future water crises.

We call for  the  homesteading  or  other  just  transfer  to  private
ownership of federally  held lands.  We  oppose any use  of  executive
orders invoking the  Antiquities Act to  set aside public  lands.   We
call for the  abolition of the  Bureau of Land Management and the U.S.
Forest Service.  Forced  surface-mining of privately homesteaded lands
in which the  government has reserved  surface mining rights to itself
is a violation of the rights of the present landholders.  We recognize
the legitimacy of  resource planning by  means of  private,  voluntary
covenants.  We oppose  creation of new  government parks or wilderness
and recreation areas.   Such parks and areas that already exist should
be  transferred  to   non-government  ownership.   Pending  such  just
transfer, their operating  costs should be borne by their users rather
than by taxpayers.

10. AGRICULTURE

America's free market  in agriculture, the  system that feeds much  of
the  world,  has   been  plowed  under   by  government  intervention.
Government  subsidies,  regulation,  and  taxes  have  encouraged  the
centralization of agricultural  business.  Government export  policies
hold  American  farmers   hostage  to  the  political  whims  of  both
Republican and Democratic  administrations.  Government  embargoes  on
grain sales and  other obstacles to  free trade  have  frustrated  the
development of free  and stable trade relationships between peoples of
the world.

The agricultural problems  facing America  today  are  not  insoluble,
however.  Government policies  can be reversed.  Farmers and consumers
alike should be  free from the meddling and counterproductive measures
of the federal  government -- free  to grow, sell, and  buy what  they
want, in the  quantity they want,  when they want.  Five  steps can be
taken immediately:

a.  abolition of the Department of Agriculture

b.  elimination of  all  government  farm  programs,  including  price
supports,  direct  subsidies,   and  all  regulation  on  agricultural
production;

c.  deregulation of  the transportation industry  and abolition of the
Interstate Commerce Commission;

d.  repeal of federal inheritance taxes; and

e.  ending government  involvement in agricultural  pest  control.   A
policy of pest  control whereby private  individuals  or  corporations
bear full responsibility  for damages they  inflict on their neighbors
should be implemented.

11. OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ACT (OSHA)

We call for  the repeal of  the Occupational Safety  and  Health  Act.
This law denies the right to liberty and property to both employer and
employee, and it  interferes in their  private contractual  relations.
OSHA's arbitrary and high-handed actions invade property rights, raise
costs, and are an injustice imposed on business.

12. SOCIAL SECURITY

We favor  the  repeal  of  the  fraudulent,  virtually  bankrupt,  and
increasingly oppressive Social  Security system.  Pending that repeal,
participation in Social Security should be made voluntary.  Victims of
the Social  Security  tax  should  have  a  claim  against  government
property.  We note  that members of  the U.S.  Congress,  and  certain
federal, state, and local government employees, have been accorded the
privileges of non-participation, one which is not accorded the working
men and women of America.

13. POSTAL SERVICE

We propose the  abolition  of  the  government  Postal  Service.   The
present  system,  in   addition  to  being   inefficient,   encourages
government surveillance of private correspondence.  Pending abolition,
we call for  an end to  the monopoly  system  and  for  allowing  free
competition in all aspects of postal service.

14. CIVIL SERVICE

We propose the abolition of the Civil Service system, which entrenches
a permanent and  growing bureaucracy upon the land.  We recognize that
the Civil Service  is inherently a  system of concealed patronage.  We
therefore recommend return  to the Jeffersonian  principle of rotation
in office.

15. ELECTION LAWS

We call for  an  end  to  government  control  of  political  parties,
consistent with First  Amendment rights to  freedom of association and
freedom of expression.  As private voluntary groups, political parties
should  be  allowed  to  establish  their  own  rules  for  nomination
procedures, primaries, and conventions.

We urge repeal  of the Federal  Election Campaign Act which suppresses
voluntary support of  candidates and  parties,  compels  taxpayers  to
subsidize politicians and  political views which  many do not wish  to
support, invades the  privacy of American  citizens, and protects  the
Republican and Democratic  parties  from  competition.   This  law  is
particularly dangerous as it enables the federal government to control
the elections of  its own administrators  and  beneficiaries,  thereby
further reducing its accountability to the citizens.

Elections at all  levels should be in the control of those who wish to
participate in or  support them voluntarily.  We therefore call for an
end to any  tax-financed subsidies to  candidates or parties  and  the
repeal of all  laws which restrict  voluntary  financing  of  election
campaigns.

Many state legislatures  have  established  prohibitively  restrictive
laws which in  effect exclude alternative  candidates and parties from
their rightful place  on election ballots.   Such laws wrongfully deny
ballot access to  political candidates and groups and further deny the
voters their right  to consider all  legitimate alternatives.  We hold
that no state  has an interest  to protect in this area except for the
fair and efficient conduct of elections.

The Australian ballot system, introduced into the United States in the
late nineteenth century,  is an abridgment  of freedom of  expression
and of voting  rights.  Under it,  the names  of  all  the  officially
approved candidates are  printed  in  a  single  government  sponsored
format and the  voter indicates his  or her choice by marking it or by
writing in an  approved but  unlisted  candidate's  name.   We  should
return to the  previous electoral system  where there was no  official
ballot or candidate approval at all, and therefore no state or federal
restriction of access to a "single ballot."  Instead, voters submitted
their own choices  and had the  option of  using  "tickets"  or  cards
printed by candidates or political parties.

In order to grant voters a full range of choice in federal, state, and
local elections, we  propose the addition  of the alternative "None of
the above is  acceptable" to all  ballots.  We further propose that in
the event that  "none of the above is acceptable" receives a plurality
of votes in  any election, the  elective office for that  term  should
remain unfilled and unfunded.



                        IV. FOREIGN AFFAIRS

American foreign policy should seek an America at peace with the world
and the defense  -- against  attack  from  abroad  --  of  the  lives,
liberty, and  property  of  the  American  people  on  American  soil.
Provision of such defense must respect the individual rights of people
everywhere.

The principle of  non-intervention should guide  relationships between
governments.  The  United  States  government  should  return  to  the
historic  libertarian  tradition  of  avoiding  entangling  alliances,
abstaining totally from  foreign quarrels and  imperialist adventures,
and  recognizing  the   right  to  unrestricted   trade,  travel,  and
immigration.


                        A. DIPLOMATIC POLICY


1. NEGOTIATIONS

The important principle in foreign policy should be the elimination of
intervention by the  United States government  in the affairs of other
nations.  We would  negotiate  with  any  foreign  government  without
necessarily conceding moral legitimacy to that government.  We favor a
drastic  reduction  in   cost  and  size   of  our  total   diplomatic
establishment.  In addition,  we favor the  repeal of the  Logan  Act,
which prohibits private  American citizens from engaging in diplomatic
negotiations with foreign governments.

2. INTERNATIONAL TRAVEL AND FOREIGN INVESTMENTS

We recognize that  foreign governments might  violate  the  rights  of
Americans traveling, living,  or owning property abroad, just as those
governments violate the  rights of their own citizens.  We condemn all
such violations, whether the victims are U.S. citizens or not.

Any effort, however,  to extend the  protection of the  United  States
government to U.S.   citizens when they  or their property fall within
the jurisdiction of  a foreign government  involves potential military
intervention.  We therefore  call upon the United States government to
adhere rigidly to  the principle that  all U.S. citizens travel, live,
and own property  abroad at their  own risk.  In particular, we oppose
-- as unjust  tax-supported subsidy --  any protection of the  foreign
investments of U.S. citizens or businesses.

The issuance of  U.S. passports should  cease.  We look forward  to an
era in which  American citizens and  foreigners can travel anywhere in
the world without  a passport.  We  aim to restore a  world  in  which
there are no  passports, visas, or  other  papers  required  to  cross
borders.  So long  as U.S. passports are issued, they should be issued
to all individuals  without discrimination and  should not be  revoked
for any reason.

3. HUMAN RIGHTS

We condemn the  violations of human  rights in all nations  around the
world.  We particularly  abhor the widespread  and increasing  use  of
torture for interrogation  and  punishment.   We  call  upon  all  the
world's  governments   to   fully   implement   the   principles   and
prescriptions contained in  this platform and  thereby usher in a  new
age of  international  harmony  based  upon  the  universal  reign  of
liberty.

Until such a global triumph for liberty, we support both political and
revolutionary actions by  individuals and groups  against  governments
that violate rights.   We recognize the  right of all people to resist
tyranny and defend  themselves and their rights.  We condemn, however,
the use of  force, and especially  the use of terrorism,  against  the
innocent, regardless of whether such acts are committed by governments
or by political and revolutionary groups.

The violation of  rights and liberty  by other governments  can  never
justify foreign intervention  by the United States government.  Today,
no government is  innocent of violating  human rights and liberty, and
none can approach  the issue with  clean hands.  In keeping  with  our
goal of peaceful  international relations, we  call  upon  the  United
States government to  cease its hypocrisy and its sullying of the good
name of human rights.  Only private individuals and organizations have
any place speaking out on this issue.

4. WORLD GOVERNMENT

We support withdrawal of the United States government from, and an end
to its financial  support for, the  United Nations.   We  oppose  U.S.
government participation in  any world or international government. We
oppose any treaty under which individual rights would be violated.

5. SECESSION

We recognize the  right to political  secession.   This  includes  the
right  to  secession   by  political  entities,   private  groups,  or
individuals.  Exercise of  this right, like  the exercise of all other
rights, does not remove legal and moral obligations not to violate the
rights of others.


                            B. MILITARY


1. MILITARY POLICY

Any U.S. military  policy  should  have  the  objective  of  providing
security for the lives, liberty and property of the American people in
the U.S. against  the  risk  of  attack  by  a  foreign  power.   This
objective should be  achieved as inexpensively as possible and without
undermining the liberties it is designed to protect.

We recognize  that  the  one  significant  existing  risk  of  foreign
aggression against Americans  is the huge  Soviet arsenal  of  nuclear
weapons.  The potential  use of Soviet,  and U.S., nuclear weapons  is
the greatest threat  to  all  the  peoples  of  the  world,  not  only
Americans.  Thus, the  objective should be  to reduce the risk  that a
nuclear war might begin and its scope if it does.

We reject the  policy of massive  nuclear retaliation known as  Mutual
Assured Destruction (MAD),  a policy which ostensibly deters an attack
by threatening to  kill hundreds of millions of innocent people in the
attacker's country and utterly destroy its society.  MAD is immoral on
its face and  impractical because neither  the  U.S.  nor  the  Soviet
government continues to  believe in its credibility.  Furthermore, MAD
provides no defense against irrational or accidental nuclear attack.

We  call  on   both  the  U.S.  and  Soviet  governments  to  continue
negotiations toward mutual  reduction of nuclear armaments, to the end
that all such  weapons  will  ultimately  be  eliminated,  under  such
conditions of verification  as to ensure mutual security.  During arms
reduction negotiations, and to enhance their progress, the U.S. should
begin the retirement  of some of  its nuclear weapons as  proof of its
commitment.  Because the  U.S. has  many  more  thousands  of  nuclear
weapons than are  currently required, beginning  the process  of  arms
reduction would not  jeopardize American security.   U.S.  weapons  of
indiscriminate  mass  destruction  should  be  replaced  with  smaller
weapons aimed solely  at military targets and not designed or targeted
to kill millions of civilians.

We call on  the U.S. government  to remove its  nuclear  weapons  from
Europe.  If European  countries want nuclear  weapons on  their  soil,
they should take full responsibility for them and pay the cost.

We call for  the replacement of MAD, or nuclear war fighting policies,
with  a  policy   of  developing  cost-effective   defensive  systems.
Accordingly, we advocate  termination of the  1972 ABM treaty  or  any
future  agreement  which  would  prevent  defensive  systems  on  U.S.
territory or in earth orbit.

We  call  for  the  withdrawal  of  all  American  military  personnel
stationed abroad, including  the countries of  NATO Europe, Japan, the
Philippines, Central America  and South Korea.  There is no current or
foreseeable risk of  any conventional military  attack on the American
people, particularly from  long distances.  We call for the withdrawal
of the U.S.  from commitments to  engage in war  on  behalf  of  other
governments and  for  abandonment  of  doctrines  supporting  military
intervention such as the Monroe Doctrine and the Reagan Doctrine.

2. PRESIDENTIAL WAR POWERS

We call for  the reform of  the Presidential War Powers Act to end the
President's power to  initiate military action, and for the abrogation
of all Presidential declarations of "states of emergency."  There must
be no further  secret commitments  and  unilateral  acts  of  military
intervention by the Executive Branch.

We favor a  Constitutional amendment limiting the presidential role as
Commander-in-Chief to its original meaning, namely that of the head of
the armed forces  in wartime.  The  Commander-in-Chief role, correctly
understood, confers no additional authority on the President.


                         C. ECONOMIC POLICY


1. FOREIGN AID

We  support  the  elimination  of  tax-supported  military,  economic,
technical,  and  scientific   aid  to  foreign  governments  or  other
organizations.  We support the abolition of government underwriting of
arms sales.  We  further support abolition  of federal  agencies  that
make American taxpayers  guarantors of export-related  loans, such  as
the Export-Import Bank  and the Commodity Credit Corporation.  We also
oppose the participation  of  the  U.S.  government  in  international
commodity  circles  which  restrict  production,  limit  technological
innovation, and raise prices.

We call for  the repeal of  all prohibitions on individuals  or  firms
contributing or selling  goods and services  to any foreign country or
organization.

2. INTERNATIONAL MONEY

We favor withdrawal  of the United States from all international paper
money and other inflationary credit schemes.  We favor withdrawal from
the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund.

We strongly oppose  any bailout of  foreign  governments  or  American
banks by the  United States, either  by  means  of  the  International
Monetary Fund or through any other governmental device.

3. UNOWNED RESOURCES

We oppose any  recognition of fiat  claims by national governments  or
international bodies to  unclaimed territory.   Individuals  have  the
right to homestead unowned resources, both within the jurisdictions of
national governments and within such unclaimed territory as the ocean,
Antarctica, and the volume of outer space.  We urge the development of
objective international standards  for recognizing homesteaded  claims
to private ownership  of such  forms  of  property  as  transportation
lanes, broadcast bands,  mineral rights,  fishing  rights,  and  ocean
farming rights.  All laws, treaties, and international agreements that
would prevent or  restrict homesteading of unowned resources should be
abolished.  We specifically  hail  the  U.S.  refusal  to  accept  the
proposed Law of  the Sea Treaty  because the treaty  excluded  private
property principles, and we oppose any future ratification.


                     D. INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS


1. COLONIALISM

United States colonialism  has left a legacy of property confiscation,
economic manipulation, and over-extended defense boundaries.  We favor
immediate  self-determination  for   all  people  living  in  colonial
dependencies, such as Samoa, Guam, Micronesia, the Virgin Islands, and
Puerto Rico, to  free  these  people  from  United  States  dominance,
accompanied by the  termination of subsidization of them at taxpayers'
expense.  Land seized  by  the  United  States  government  should  be
returned to its rightful owners.

2. FOREIGN INTERVENTION

We  would  end   the  current  U.S.   government  policy  of   foreign
intervention, including military  and economic  aid,  guarantees,  and
diplomatic meddling. We  would end all  limitation of private  foreign
aid, both military  and  economic.   Voluntary  cooperation  with  any
economic boycott should not be treated as a crime.

We would repeal  the Neutrality  Act  of  1794,  and  all  other  U.S.
neutrality laws  which  restrict  the  efforts  of  Americans  to  aid
overseas organizations fighting to overthrow or change governments.

We would no  longer incorporate foreign  nations into the U.S. defense
perimeter.  We would  cease the creation and maintenance of U.S. bases
and sites for  the  pre-positioning  of  military  material  in  other
countries.  We would  end  the  practice  of  stationing  of  American
military troops overseas.

We make no exceptions to the above.

3. SPACE EXPLORATION

We oppose all  government restrictions upon  voluntary peaceful use of
outer space.  We  condemn all international  attempts  to  prevent  or
limit private exploration,  industrialization, and colonization of the
moon, planets, asteroids, satellite orbits, Lagrange libration points,
or any other  extra-terrestrial resources.  We  specifically call  for
the repudiation of  the U.N. Moon Treaty.  We support the abolition of
the  National   Aeronautics   and   Space   Administration   and   the
privatization of all artificial satellites.



                            V. OMISSIONS

Our silence about  any other particular  government  law,  regulation,
ordinance, directive, edict,  control, regulatory agency, activity, or
machination should not be construed to imply approval.