Actual Human Rationality

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Human reason consists of MANY methods besides logic, notably informal fallacies and heuristic reasoning.

Links

Cognitive bias cheat sheet [More...]
A grouping of roughly 175 cognitive biases according to the types of problems they are there to address: too much information, not enough meaning, the need to act fast, and what we should remember. Every cognitive bias is an opportunity to make a bad argument.
Rational Ignorance
Frequently people choose not to learn because the costs of learning are greater than the (usually direct) benefits. This is a large problem for democracy and public goods. Group affiliation and heuristic reasoning frequently substitute.
Social Contract Theory (Cognitive Psychology) (2 links)
A modular and evolutionary view of human reasoning. "Modular" means that the theory explains performance in one specific content domain: social contracts (any social exchange.) Explains our apparent cheater detection algorithms. Not related to philosophical ideas of Social Contract.
Why being wrong can be right: Magical warfare technologies and the persistence of false beliefs [More...]
"Belief in a spell that offers protection from bullets helped villagers liberate their village, and others in the area, from militias, providing an example of how the ‘right’ amount of ‘wrong’ beliefs can achieve a socially efficient outcome."

Quotations

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