Actual Human Rationality

From Critiques Of Libertarianism
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Human reason consists of MANY methods besides logic, notably informal fallacies and heuristic reasoning.

Links

Cognitive bias cheat sheet [More...]
A grouping of roughly 175 cognitive biases according to the types of problems they are there to address: too much information, not enough meaning, the need to act fast, and what we should remember. Every cognitive bias is an opportunity to make a bad argument.
NEW 2/13/2018: Economic Decision Making and Libertarianism [More...]
"Behavioural economics makes the central libertarian mantra of being ‘free to choose’ completely incoherent."
NEW 2/13/2018: Libertarianism is an Ideology Built on Neoclassical Economics [More...]
"One of the things that has always put me off libertarianism is that it clearly has neoclassical economics at its heart. The only difference is that all of the flaws – assumptions, rational economic man, framing issues as governments versus markets – are transposed onto a political ideology."
NEW 2/17/2018: Nudge Policies [More...]
"Once you have admitted that people's decisions are affected by these kinds of factors, an obvious question is whether public policy might make use of how decisions are presented to influence behavior."
NEW 2/17/2018: Nudge: Improving Decisions About Health, Wealth, and Happiness (book) (1 link)
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Predictably Irrational, Revised and Expanded Edition: The Hidden Forces That Shape Our Decisions (book)
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NEW 2/16/2018: Quantum Epistemology for Business [More...]
Decision making based on any data has problems analogous to those of Quantum Mechanics. These make pretenses to "rationality" heuristic at best.
Rational Ignorance
Frequently people choose not to learn because the costs of learning are greater than the (usually direct) benefits. This is a large problem for democracy and public goods. Group affiliation and heuristic reasoning frequently substitute.
Social Contract Theory (Cognitive Psychology) (2 links)
A modular and evolutionary view of human reasoning. "Modular" means that the theory explains performance in one specific content domain: social contracts (any social exchange.) Explains our apparent cheater detection algorithms. Not related to philosophical ideas of Social Contract.
Why being wrong can be right: Magical warfare technologies and the persistence of false beliefs [More...]
"Belief in a spell that offers protection from bullets helped villagers liberate their village, and others in the area, from militias, providing an example of how the ‘right’ amount of ‘wrong’ beliefs can achieve a socially efficient outcome."

Quotations

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