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The "logical" extreme of libertarianism, doing away with all government in favor of hi-tech feudalism. But libertarians have missed the obvious fact that Anarcho-capitalism exists; property ownership in land just happens to be dominated by about 200 firms called “governments.”


Libertarians Misunderstand Government (4 links)
Libertarians are generally guilty of misrepresenting government. They also overlook the fact that anarcho-capitalist land ownership does not differ from government by a dictator: the landowner can require anything he wants on his land, including abiding by his rules (laws), taxes, and punishments (up to and including death) by the contract to be on his land.
A Day in Rothbardian Anarcho-Capitalist Paradise [More...]
Rampant inequality, poverty, disease, crime and violence. "Libertarians have a major problem: there are very few people indeed who would want such a society or think that it would be a good place to live in."
A Dilemma for Libertarianism [More...]
Anarcho-capitalism exists; property ownership just happens to be dominated by about 200 firms called “governments.” Libertarians have erred in calculating who owns property.
Anarcho-Hucksters: There is Nothing Anarchistic about Capitalism [More...]
An anarchist explains why anarcho-capitalism is not truly anarchist, and is generally undesirable to most people.
Is "anarcho"-capitalism a type of anarchism? [More...]
An anarchist explanation of how anarcho-capitalism interferes with freedom and how capitalism is created by the state.
No Libertarians in the Seventeenth-Century Highlands [More...]
Brad DeLong ridicules a debate held at the Reason magazine 35th anniversary banquet, skewering the wishful thinking of David Friedman. Private coercive enforcement, warlords, organized crime: they are all the same thing.
Nuclear Anarchism Part 1: The Specter of Private Nuclear Weapons [More...]
Everybody should be able to own nuclear weapons. Yes, really. Case "proven" by illegitimate demands for perfection. Part 2: How I Learned To Stop Worrying And Love Private Nuclear Devices. Part 3: Climbing the Kardashev Scale for Fun and Profit.
On the Problematic Political Authority of Property Rights: How Huemer Proves Too Much [More...]
Kevin Vallier eviscerates Michael Huemer’s anarcho-capitalist "The Problem of Political Authority" by pointing out that the same arguments undermining political authority of a state also undermine the political authority of property.
Reinventing Government Badly (6 links)
It is patently obvious, even to many libertarians, that some form of government is needed. Libertarians thus reinvent governments according to their own lights as defense associations, private monarchies, and a variety of other bad solutions that privatize power.
The errors of Hans-Hermann Hoppe [More...]
An extensive critique of Hoppe's pollyanna anarcho-capitalist ideas. "With all due respect, but parts of Hoppe’s speech could have been written by Joseph Goebbels, the Nazi propaganda minister. But at least Goebbels would have delivered the speech in a more rousing manner than Hoppe who despite all his radicalism seemed almost bored of himself."
The Machinery of Freedom: Guide to a Radical Capitalism (book, online) (2 links)
The foremost anarcho-capitalist introduction. If you suspend all knowledge of the real world, it appears to make sense. Very well written and very clever. But it has not aged well since it was written in 1973, and later editions make no attempt to update it.
Voluntaryism (1 link)
A faction of anarchist libertarians who want entirely voluntary relations, but assume free markets and property (which are not voluntary.) An exercise in wishful thinking, that the world will voluntarily swirl around your indestructible rights.
William Buckley on Murray Rothbard
William Buckley puts Murray Rothbard in his place. Pages xxiii to xxv from the introduction to American Conservative Thought in the Twentieth Century by William Buckley.


Anarcho-capitalist, as far as I’m aware, have yet to answer exactly what a landowner is if not a de facto state. A state is defined over a particular territory, and (theoretically) has control over what happens in that territory. Ownership is also defined as having control over an object; in the case of land, this quite clearly leads to each land owner effectively being a sovereign state, however small. [...] any response that centered on how landowners would be competitively inclined to do Good Things could equally be applied to states, so would be an exercise in special pleading.
UnlearningEcon, "An FAQ for Libertarians"
Those who forget history are doomed to become anarcho-capitalists.
Lurgi (pseudonym), "Anything private enterprise can do, government should be able to do too."
Anarcho-capitalism, in my opinion, is a doctrinal system which, if ever implemented, would lead to forms of tyranny and oppression that have few counterparts in human history. There isn’t the slightest possibility that its (in my view, horrendous) ideas would be implemented, because they would quickly destroy any society that made this colossal error. The idea of “free contract” between the potentate and his starving subject is a sick joke, perhaps worth some moments in an academic seminar exploring the consequences of (in my view, absurd) ideas, but nowhere else.
Noam Chomsky, "On Anarchism: Noam Chomsky interviewed by Tom Lane, December 23, 1996"
What is wanting in many libertarian political theories is the recognition that property rights are coercive and so stand in need of justification to others.
Kevin Vallier, "On the Problematic Political Authority of Property Rights: How Huemer Proves Too Much"
Urban street gangs in under-policed neighborhoods, mafias in under-taxed countries, and groups like Hezbollah in Lebanon invariably step in to fill the void where government fails. When the Japanese government wasn't able to adequately help the population after the earthquake and tsunami, the yakuza helpfully stepped in to do it for them. The devolution of local authority and taxation into the hands of criminal groups willing to provide a safety net in exchange for their cut of the action is the invariable pre-feudal result of the breakdown of the government-backed safety net. It happens every single time. The people will want a safety net where utter chaos doesn't prevent it: they'll either get it from an accountable governmental authority, or from a non-governmental authority of shadowy legality. Both kinds of authority will levy their own form of taxation, be it legal and official, or part of an illegal protection scheme.
David Atkins, "The "No True Libertarianism" fallacy"
Anarcho-capitalism exists; landownership just happens to be dominated by about 200 corporations called governments.
Karl Widerquist, "Why Do Philosophers Talk so Much and Read so Little About the Stone Age? False factual claims in appropriation-based property theory"