Basic Income

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A simple social welfare program that ensures everyone has sufficient income to raise them above the poverty line, whether or not they work. Most libertarians oppose this as "redistribution". Milton Friedman proposed this as a negative income tax. In Canada, an experimental version was called Mincome. In the US, the Alaska Permanent Fund is a basic income system.

Links

About Basic Income [More...]
An introduction and 40 question FAQ to the ideas of Basic Income, as explained by Philippe Van Parijs. Part of the Basic Income Earth Network.
Basic Income: A simple and powerful idea for the twenty-first century [More...]
Philippe Van Parijs presents a 24 page overview of Basic Income. The 2005 version.
A Basic Income for All [More...]
If you really care about freedom, give people an unconditional income. By Philippe Van Parijs, the major proponent of Basic Income.
Basic income and social justice: Why philosophers disagree [More...]
A brilliantly clear presentation about why John Rawls and Ronald Dworkin disagree with the idea of Basic Income and Philippe Van Parijs' solution.
Basic Income in a Globalized Economy [More...]
The authors discuss the problems of extending basic income beyond national borders, and find some really ingenious starting points, such as basic income for the elderly.
Could an income for all provide the ultimate safety net? [More...]
"For an idea that is so far from mainstream political practice, the payment of a basic income has had astonishingly broad support, from Martin Luther King Jr to Milton Friedman... A basic income makes perfect sense once we arrive at an economy where millions work for low wages while automation produces a bountiful economy all around them."
Enslave the robots and free the poor [More...]
Martin Wolf at the Financial Times says that because of technological unemployment "[...] we will need to redistribute income and wealth. Such redistribution could take the form of a basic income for every adult, together with funding of education and training at any stage in a person’s life."
Giving everyone a basic income would work for the same reasons Social Security does [More...]
An outline of the costs and workings of a basic income plan.
Guaranteed Annual Income Links [More...]
A crowdsourced scholarly index to Basic Income (and Mincome articles, research, conferences, etc. Many, many links.
Human materialism as support for universal basic income [More...]
"if people are provided a universal basic income, they're still going to want to do sometimes unpleasant work in order to accumulate more than their neighbor. It also puts a dent in the myth that government largesse creates dependency. Fundamentally, people want to have more things even if it means pointless work."
The Basic Income Guarantee and Tautological Libertarianism [More...]
"Of course, right-libertarians tell us that they defend property rights because they believe in freedom. Now we see that they’re simply defining freedom as the defense of the property rights system they want to see."
The Big Casino [More...]
This paper uses an analogy to illustrate two things: (1) the economy is and will always be a casino, and (2) in existing societies and most libertarian, liberal, and socialist visions of society individuals are effectively forced to participate in the casino economy. It argues justice requires that individuals must be free from forced participation in such an economy and that the best way to free people from forced participation is the provision of a Basic Income Guarantee.
VC for the people [More...]
There are reasons to believe that a Basic Income program would be beneficial for growth and allow people to "take chances on more meaningful and ultimately more valuable work."
What's Wrong With a Free Lunch? (book)
16 widely varied points of view on the idea of a Universal Basic Income as an antidote to the extreme inequalities of capitalism.

Quotations

Some people giving orders and others obeying them: this is the essence of servitude. Of course, as Hospers smugly observes, "one can at least change jobs," but you can't avoid having a job -- just as under statism one can at least change nationalities but you can't avoid subjection to one nation-state or another. But freedom means more than the right to change masters.
Bob Black, "The Libertarian As Conservative"