Bibliography Sorted By Author

From Critiques Of Libertarianism
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This is a list of books relevant to libertarianism discussed at this site, most of which are in my library. Sorted alphabetically by leading author, in Chicago format.

There is also a Bibliography Sorted By Title.

491 books total.





Abrams, Samuel E.. 2016. Education and the Commercial Mindset. Harvard University Press.

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Adams, Walter, and James W. Brock. 1986. The Bigness Complex: Industry, Labor, and Government in the American Economy, Second Edition. Stanford Economics and Finance.

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Adler, Moshe. 2011. Economics for the Rest of Us: Debunking the Science That Makes Life Dismal. New Press, The.

Shows how today’s dominant economic theories of economic efficiency and wages evolved, how they explicitly favor the rich over the poor, and why they’re not the only -- or best -- options.

Akerlof, George A., and Robert J. Shiller. 2009. Animal Spirits: How Human Psychology Drives the Economy, and Why It Matters for Global Capitalism. Princeton University Press.

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Akerlof, George A., and Robert J. Shiller. 2015. Phishing for Phools: The Economics of Manipulation and Deception. Princeton University Press.

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Aldred, Jonathan. 2009. The Skeptical Economist: Revealing the Ethics Inside Economics. Routledge.

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Amar, Professor Akhil Reed, and Akhil Reed Amar. 2000. The Bill of Rights: Creation and Reconstruction. Yale University Press.

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Amsden, Alice, Jacek Kochanowicz, and Lance Taylor. 1998. The Market Meets its Match: Restructuring the Economies of Eastern Europe. Harvard University Press.

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Amy, Douglas J.. 2011. Government Is Good: An Unapologetic Defense of a Vital Institution. Dog Ear Publishing, LLC.

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Anderson, Elizabeth. 2017. Private Government: How Employers Rule Our Lives. Princeton University Press.

We normally think of government as something only the state does, yet many of us are governed far more -- and far more obtrusively -- by the private government of the workplace.

Anderson, Perry. 2005. Spectrum: From Right to Left in the World of Ideas. Verso.

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Anton, Anatole, Milton Fisk, Nancy Holmstrom, and Nancy Holstrom. 2000. Not For Sale: In Defense Of Public Goods. Westview Press.

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Ariely, Dan. 2010. Predictably Irrational, Revised and Expanded Edition: The Hidden Forces That Shape Our Decisions. Harper Perennial.

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Atkinson, Anthony B.. 2015. Inequality: What Can Be Done?. Harvard University Press.

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Atkinson, Anthony B.. 1999. The Economic Consequences of Rolling Back the Welfare State. The MIT Press.

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Attas, Daniel. 2005. Liberty, Property And Markets: A Critique Of Libertarianism. Ashgate Pub Co.

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Aune, James Arnt. 2000. Selling the Free Market: The Rhetoric of Economic Correctness. The Guilford Press.

Explains the neoliberal rhetoric of markets, and how "economic correctness" is used harmfully to trump all other values. Criticizes Nozick, Rand, Murray, and Posner.

Axelrod, Robert. 1985. The Evolution of Cooperation. Basic Books.

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Bacon, Michael. 2012. Pragmatism: An Introduction. Polity.

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Bailyn, Bernard. 1992. The Ideological Origins of the American Revolution. Belknap Press.

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Baird, Douglas G., Robert Gertner, and Randal Picker. 1998. Game Theory and the Law. Harvard University Press.

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Bakan, Joel. 2004. The Corporation: The Pathological Pursuit of Profit and Power. Free Press.

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Baker, Dean. 2016. Rigged: How Globalization and the Rules of the Modern Economy Were Structured to Make the Rich Richer. Center for Economic and Policy Research.

The enormous upward redistribution of income in the United States in the last four decades was not the result of globalization and the natural workings of the market. Rather it was the result of conscious policies that were designed to put downward pressure on the wages of ordinary workers while protecting and enhancing the incomes of those at the top.

Baker, Dean. 2006. The Conservative Nanny State: How the Wealthy Use the Government to Stay Rich and Get Richer. LULU.

Economist Dean Baker debunks the myth that conservatives favor the market over government intervention. In fact, conservatives rely on a range of “nanny state” policies that ensure the rich get richer while leaving most Americans worse off.

Baker, Dean. 2011. The End of Loser Liberalism: Making Markets Progressive. Center for Economic and Policy Research.

Dean Baker's online book describing how upwards distribution through markets is a result of government policy (due to capture by the rich), and how to change to more equitable polices.

Baptist, Edward E.. 2014. The Half Has Never Been Told: Slavery and the Making of American Capitalism. Basic Books.

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Barash, David P.. 1992. The L Word: An Unapologetic, Thoroughly Biased, Long-Overdue Explication and Celebration of Liberalism. William Morrow & Co.

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Barber, Benjamin R.. 2008. Consumed: How Markets Corrupt Children, Infantilize Adults, and Swallow Citizens Whole. W. W. Norton & Company.

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Baron, Jonathan. 1994. Thinking and Deciding. Cambridge University Press.

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Barr, Nicholas, and N. A. Barr. 1999. The Economics of the Welfare State. Stanford University Press.

A thorough overview of the real world economics of market failures and government interventions.

Barro, Robert J.. 1997. Getting It Right: Markets and Choices in a Free Society. The MIT Press.

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Barry, Brian. 2005. Why Social Justice Matters. Polity.

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Barry, Max. 2004. Jennifer Government. Vintage.

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Barry, Norman P.. 1987. On Classical Liberalism and Libertarianism. Palgrave Macmillan.

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Bastiat, Frederic. 2011 (1850). The Law. Ludwig von Mises Institute.

(1850) Frederic Bastiat's ancient essay that suffers badly from being pre-marginalist, pre-institutionalist and based on natural rights.

Basu, Kaushik. 2010. Beyond the Invisible Hand: Groundwork for a New Economics. Princeton University Press.

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Becker, Gary S.. 1998. Accounting for Tastes. Harvard University Press.

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Becker, Gary S., and Kevin M. Murphy. 2003. Social Economics: Market Behavior in a Social Environment. Belknap Press.

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Benkler, Yochai. 2007. The Wealth of Networks: How Social Production Transforms Markets and Freedom. Yale University Press.

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Benson, Bruce L.. 2011. The Enterprise of Law: Justice Without the State. Independent Institute.

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Bergland, David. 9th edition (2005). Libertarianism In One Lesson: Why Libertarianism Is the Best Hope for America's Future. Advocates for Self-Government.

(1984) David Bergland provides first exercises in libertarian self-indoctrination. If you can believe 158 pages is "one lesson", you are ready to believe this book!

Berliner, David C., and Bruce J. Biddle. 1996. The Manufactured Crisis: Myths, Fraud, And The Attack On America's Public Schools. Basic Books.

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Binmore, Ken. 1998. Game Theory and the Social Contract, Vol. 2: Just Playing. The MIT Press.

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Bird, Colin. 1999. The Myth of Liberal Individualism. Cambridge University Press.

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Black, Max. 1983. The Prevalence of Humbug and Other Essays. Cornell Univ Pr.

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Bliese, John, and John R. E. Bliese. 2002. The Greening Of Conservative America. Westview Press.

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Block, Fred, and Matthew R. Keller. 2011. State of Innovation: The U.S. Government's Role in Technology Development. Paradigm Publishers.

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Block, Fred, and Margaret R. Somers. 2014. The Power of Market Fundamentalism: Karl Polanyi's Critique. Harvard University Press.

"Polanyi teaches us that periods of prosperity and rising living standards [...] were a direct result of democratic gains in politics and civil society. The greatest prosperity in living memory in Europe and the United States came during the social democratic moment -- in the 1950s and 1960s -- when the constraints on business were the greatest."

Block, Fred L.. 1996. The Vampire State: And Other Myths and Fallacies About the U.S. Economy. New Pr.

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Block, James E.. 2002. A Nation of Agents: The American Path to a Modern Self and Society. Belknap Press.

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Block, Walter. 2008. Defending the Undefendable. Ludwig von Mises Institute.

(2008) Walter Block praises the pimp, prostitute, scab, slumlord, libeler, moneylender and other scapegoats in the rogue's gallery of American society. By cleverly ignoring the harms they commit. "[Third Parties] have neither stake nor standing in the matter, and should be ignored." Anybody with any concept of the role of institutions will see the folly of this book.

Block, Walter. 2013. Defending the Undefendable II: Freedom in All Realms. Terra Libertas Limited.

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Blyth, Mark. 2002. Great Transformations: Economic Ideas and Institutional Change in the Twentieth Century. Cambridge University Press.

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Boaz, David. 1997. Libertarianism: A Primer. Free Press.

(1998) David Boaz' pollyanna view of just how wonderful libertarianism is!

Boaz, David. 1998. The Libertarian Reader: Classic & Contemporary Writings from Lao-Tzu to Milton Friedman. Free Press.

(1998) David Boaz cherry picks passages from historical figures as if they wouldn't object strongly to modern libertarianism. Plus selections from the usual ideologues.

Boland, Lawrence. 1995. The Principles of Economics: Some Lies My Teacher Told Me. Routledge.

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Boldrin, Michele, and David K. Levine. 2010. Against Intellectual Monopoly. Cambridge University Press.

"intellectual property is a government grant of a costly and dangerous private monopoly over ideas. We show through theory and example that intellectual monopoly is not necessary for innovation and as a practical matter is damaging to growth, prosperity and liberty."

Bollier, David. 2003. Silent Theft: The Private Plunder of Our Common Wealth. Routledge.

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Borsook, Paulina. 2000. Cyberselfish: A Critical Romp Through the Terribly Libertarian Culture of High Tech. PublicAffairs.

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Bourgin, Frank. 1989. The Great Challenge: The Myth of Laissez-Faire in the Early Republic. George Braziller.

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Bowen, Catherine Drinker. 1986. Miracle At Philadelphia: The Story of the Constitutional Convention May - September 1787. Back Bay Books.

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Bremmer, Ian. 2012. The End of the Free Market. .

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Brennan, Jason. 2016. Against Democracy. Princeton University Press.

Existing democracy is compared to ideal rule by experts, epistocracy. A laughable attempt by libertarian philosopher Jason Brennan to criticize democracy.

Brennan, Jason. 2012. Libertarianism: What Everyone Needs to Know. Oxford University Press.

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Breyer, Stephen. 1984. Regulation and Its Reform. Harvard University Press.

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Brighouse, Harry. 2005. Justice. Polity.

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Brin, David. 1998. The Transparent Society: Will Technology Force Us to Choose Between Privacy and Freedom?. Addison-Wesley.

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Brown, Peter G.. 1994. Restoring The Public Trust. Beacon Press.

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Brown, Sherrod. 2006. Myths of Free Trade: Why American Trade Policy Has Failed. New Press, The.

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Bryant, John. 1995. Libertarianism: The Good the Bad and the Ugly. Socratic Press.

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Buchan, James. 2006. The Authentic Adam Smith: His Life and Ideas. W. W. Norton.

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Buchanan, Allen. 1985. Ethics, Efficiency and the Market. Rl Innactive Titles.

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Buck, Susan J.. 1998. The Global Commons: An Introduction. Island Press.

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Burgess, Ronald. 1993. Public Revenue without Taxation. Shepheard-Walwyn.

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Burgin, Angus. 2012. The Great Persuasion: Reinventing Free Markets since the Depression. Harvard University Press.

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Burns, Jennifer. 2011. Goddess of the Market: Ayn Rand and the American Right. Oxford University Press.

A biography of Rand that doesn't flatter her.

Burrell, Joseph W.. 2015. The Libertarian Attack Against Liberty: Fake Patriots and False Gods. Algora Publishing.

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Byrne, Janet. 2012. The Occupy Handbook. Back Bay Books.

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Caplan, Bryan. 2012. Selfish Reasons to Have More Kids: Why Being a Great Parent is Less Work and More Fun Than You Think. Basic Books.

This book demonstrates two principles. First, extend libertarian and economic ideology to cover everything you can, no matter how ridiculous. Second, no matter how stupid, all repetition of propaganda points promotes ideology.

Caplan, Bryan. 2007. The Myth of the Rational Voter: Why Democracies Choose Bad Policies. Princeton University Press.

Bryan Caplan is another libertarian who dislikes democracy, but somehow is incapable of explaining its successes.

Carey, Alex. 1996. Taking the Risk Out of Democracy: Corporate Propaganda versus Freedom and Liberty. University of Illinois Press.

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Carey, George W.. 2004. Freedom and Virtue: The Conservative/ Libertarian Debate. Intercollegiate Studies Institute.

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Carpenter, Daniel, and David A. Moss. 2013. Preventing Regulatory Capture: Special Interest Influence and How to Limit it. Cambridge University Press.

An extraordinary academic book which surveys history, defining, measuring, and solutions to regulatory capture.

Cassidy, John. 2009. How Markets Fail: The Logic of Economic Calamities. Farrar, Straus and Giroux.

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Chang, Ha-Joon. 2011. 23 Things They Don't Tell You About Capitalism. Bloomsbury Press.

A strong proponent of mixed economies details many problems of unregulated capitalism.

Chang, Ha-Joon. 2008. Bad Samaritans: The Myth of Free Trade and the Secret History of Capitalism. Bloomsbury Press.

Exposes revisionist myths of free trade and development of nations. Free trade tends to harm developing nations, and is generally not adopted unless it is forcefully imposed by other nations or a dominant position in markets is established.

Chang, Ha-Joon. 2014. Economics: The User's Guide. Bloomsbury Press.

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Chang, Ha-Joon. 2002. Kicking Away the Ladder: Development Strategy in Historical Perspective. Anthem Press.

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Chartier, Gary and Johnson, Charles. 2011. Markets Not Capitalism: Individualist Anarchism against Bosses, Inequality, Corporate Power, and Structural Poverty. Minor Compositions.

Market anarchists (left libertarians) believe in free markets, not in capitalism. They wish to have markets free of both government and capitalism.

Chaudhuri, Joyotpaul. 1977. The Non-Lockean roots of American democratic thought. University of Arizona Press.

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Chomsky, Noam. 1988. Manufacturing Consent: The Political Economy of the Mass Media. Pantheon Books.

Introduced the propaganda model of the media, arguing that the mass media of the United States "are effective and powerful ideological institutions that carry out a system-supportive propaganda function by reliance on market forces, internalized assumptions, and self-censorship, and without overt coercion"

Chomsky, Noam. 1999. Powers and Prospects: Reflections on human nature and the social order. South End Press.

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Chomsky, Noam, and Robert W. McChesney. 1999. Profit Over People: Neoliberalism & Global Order. Seven Stories Press.

Places the current ascendency of neoliberalism in historic context as yet another form of oppression by elites.

Chomsky, Noam, and Carlos Otero. 1996. Radical Priorities. Black Rose Books.

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Chomsky, Noam. 2002. What Uncle Sam Really Wants. Odonian Press.

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Christman, John. 1994. The Myth of Property: Toward an Egalitarian Theory of Ownership. Oxford University Press.

"One of the chief goals of this book is to deny the claim that either historically, conceptually, or (most important) normatively, the paradigm of ownership is the full ownership of goods without restriction or regulation."

Clements, Jeffrey D.. 2012. Corporations Are Not People: Why They Have More Rights Than You Do and What You Can Do About It. Berrett-Koehler Publishers.

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Cloud, Michael. 2004. Secrets of Libertarian Persuasion: Discover the Keys to Opening People's Hearts and Minds to Liberty. Advocates for Self Government.

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Cody, Anthony. 2014. The Educator And The Oligarch: A Teacher Challenges The Gates Foundation. Garn Press.

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Cohen, G. A.. 1995. Self-Ownership, Freedom, and Equality. Cambridge University Press.

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Cohen, Marshall. 1961. The Philosophy of John Stuart Mill: Ethical, Political and Religious. The Modern Library.

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Cohen, Stephen S., and J. Bradford DeLong. 2016. Concrete Economics: The Hamilton Approach to Economic Growth and Policy. Harvard Business Review Press.

History, not ideology, holds the key to growth. Brilliantly written and argued, Concrete Economics shows how government has repeatedly reshaped the American economy ever since Alexander Hamilton’s first, foundational redesign.

Collins, Joseph, and John Lear. 1995. Chile's Free Market Miracle: A Second Look. Institutue for Food & Development Policy.

A major criticism of the neoliberal makeover of Chile.

Conn, Steven. 2012. To Promote the General Welfare: The Case for Big Government. Oxford University Press.

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Cook, Philip J.. 2007. Paying the Tab: The Costs and Benefits of Alcohol Control. Princeton University Press.

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Coontz, Stephanie. 1993. The Way We Never Were: American Families And The Nostalgia Trap. Basic Books.

How many modern claims of family "institutions" are historically incorrect.

Cooter, Robert, and Thomas Ulen. 1999. Law and Economics. Addison-Wesley.

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Cornes, Richard, and Todd Sandler. 1996. The Theory of Externalities, Public Goods, and Club Goods. Cambridge University Press.

Markets are expected to fail when there are externalities and public goods. Markets can be efficient for some club goods, but then so can governments. This is an undergraduate academic textbook for this branch of economic theory.

Cowen, Tyler. 2011. The Great Stagnation: How America Ate All the Low-Hanging Fruit of Modern History, Got Sick, and Will( Eventually) Feel Better. Dutton.

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Crouch, Colin. 2017. Can Neoliberalism Be Saved From Itself?. Social Europe Edition.

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Crouch, Colin. 2013. Making Capitalism Fit For Society. Polity.

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Dahl, Robert Alan. 1985. Preface to Economic Democracy. Univ of California Pr.

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Dasgupta, Partha. 2007. Economics: A Very Short Introduction. Oxford University Press.

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Dasgupta, Partha. 1983. The Control of Resources. Harvard University Press.

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Davis, Mike. 2002. Late Victorian Holocausts: El Niño Famines and the Making of the Third World. Verso.

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Dawisha, Karen. 2015. Putin's Kleptocracy: Who Owns Russia?. Simon & Schuster.

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Denson, John V.. 2001. Reassessing the Presidency : The Rise of the Executive State and the Decline of Freedom. Mises Institute.

A revisionist look through the lense of extreme libertarian ideology.

Derber, Charles. 1998. Corporation Nation: How Corporations are Taking Over Our Lives -- and What We Can Do About It. St. Martin's Press.

Ascendency of corporate power is decried as illiberal, and a new positive populism is prescribed.

Dershowitz, Alan M.. 2004. Rights from Wrongs: A Secular Theory of the Origins of Rights. Basic Books.

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Dixit, Avinash K.. 2004. Lawlessness and Economics: Alternative Modes of Governance. Princeton University Press.

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Doherty, Brian. 2007. Radicals for Capitalism: A Freewheeling History of the Modern American Libertarian Movement. PublicAffairs.

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Downs, George W., and Patrick D. Larkey. 1986. The Search for Government Efficiency: From Hubris to Helplessness. Temple Univ Pr.

A serious, scholarly study of efficiency. Not a polemic but very necessary to balance the government as inefficient polemics.

Duncan, Craig, and Tibor R. Machan. 2005. Libertarianism: For and Against. Rowman & Littlefield.

Tibor Machan argues for libertarianism, while philosopher Craig Duncan defends democratic liberalism, which aims to ensure that all citizens have fair access to a life of dignity.

Duncan, Greg J., and Richard J. Murnane. 2011. Whither Opportunity?: Rising Inequality, Schools, and Children's Life Chances. Russell Sage Foundation.

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Easterly, William. 2007. The White Man's Burden: Why the West's Efforts to Aid the Rest Have Done So Much Ill and So Little Good. Penguin Books.

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Eatwell, John, Murray Milgate, and Peter K. Newman. 1989. The Invisible Hand. W W Norton & Co Inc.

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Eisenberg, Melvin. 1991. The Nature of the Common Law. Harvard University Press.

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Elder-Vass, Dave. 2016. Profit and Gift in the Digital Economy. Cambridge University Press.

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Ellerman, David P.. 1993. Property and Contract in Economics: The Case for Economic Democracy. Blackwell Pub.

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Ellickson, Robert. 1994. Order without Law: How Neighbors Settle Disputes. Harvard University Press.

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Ellis, Albert. 2007. Are Capitalism, Objectivism, and Libertarianism Religions? Yes!. CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform.

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Ellis, Dr. Albert. 1968. Is Objectivism a Religion?. Lyle Stuart.

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Ely, John. 1980. Democracy and Distrust: A Theory of Judicial Review. Harvard University Press.

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Epstein, Richard. 1998. Simple Rules for a Complex World. Harvard University Press.

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Epstein, Richard A.. 1998. Principles For A Free Society: Reconciling Individual Liberty With The Common Good. Basic Books.

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Epstein, Richard A.. 2004. Skepticism and Freedom: A Modern Case for Classical Liberalism. University Of Chicago Press.

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Epstein, Richard A.. 1985. Takings: Private Property and the Power of Eminent Domain. Harvard University Press.

(1985) Richard Epstein takes the Lockean Fable about property seriously, and builds cloud-castles of his wished-for law upon it.

Erickson, Peter. 1997. The Stance of Atlas. An Examination of the Philosophy of Ayn Rand. Herakles Press.

Shows some fundamental errors in Rand's philosophy, and identifies some earlier alternatives that are supposedly correct.

Ferber, Marianne A., and Julie A. Nelson. 1993. Beyond Economic Man: Feminist Theory and Economics. University Of Chicago Press.

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Fine, Sidney. 1969. Laissez Faire and the General Welfare State. Ann Arbor.

A history of the triumph of progressivism over laissez-faire.

Finer, Herman. 1977. Roads to Reaction. Greenwood Press,London.

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Finn, Daniel. 2006. The Moral Ecology of Markets: Assessing Claims about Markets and Justice. Cambridge University Press.

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Fischel, William A.. 1998. Regulatory Takings: Law, Economics, and Politics. Harvard University Press.

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Fischer, David Hackett. 1970. Historians' Fallacies. Harper & Row, Publishers.

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Fish, Stanley. 1994. There's No Such Thing As Free Speech: And It's a Good Thing, Too. Oxford University Press, USA.

"Free speech" is just the name we give to verbal behavior that serves the substantive agendas we wish to advance...

Fiss, Owen. 1998. The Irony of Free Speech. Harvard University Press.

"Reframes the debate by showing how restrictions on political expenditures, hate speech, and pornography can be defended in terms of the First Amendment, not despite it."

Fletcher, Ian. 2010. Free Trade Doesn't Work: What Should Replace it and Why. U.S. Business & Industry Council.

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Folsom, Burton. 1991. The Myth of the Robber Barons: A New Look at the Rise of Big Business in America. Young America's Foundation.

Historical revisionism that portrays malefactors of great wealth as heroic entrepreneurs. A biased, one-sided take on history. No academic credibility.

Foner, Eric. 1999. The Story of American Freedom. W. W. Norton & Company.

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Fox, Justin. 2010. The Myth Of The Rational Market. Harper.

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Frank, Thomas. 2000. One Market Under God: Extreme Capitalism, Market Populism and the End of Economic Democracy. Doubleday.

Deflates the propaganda and hype for markets that are the new justification for ever-growing inequality.

Freeman, Richard B., and Joel Rogers. 1999. What Workers Want. Ilr Pr.

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Frey, Bruno S., and David Iselin. 2017. Economic Ideas You Should Forget. Springer.

By discussing problematic theoretical assumptions and drawing on the latest empirical research, 71 authors question specific hypotheses and reject major economic ideas from the “Coase Theorem” to “Say’s Law” and “Bayesianism.”

Fried, Barbara H.. 2001. The Progressive Assault on Laissez Faire: Robert Hale and the First Law and Economics Movement. Harvard University Press.

The first, full-length study of Hale's work, which showed that "private", unregulated economic relations were in fact determined by a state imposed regime of property and contract rights which were hard to square with common-sense notions of social justice.

Fried, Charles. 2005. Saying What the Law Is: The Constitution in the Supreme Court. Harvard University Press.

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Friedman, David D.. 2015. The Machinery of Freedom: Guide to a Radical Capitalism. CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform.

The foremost anarcho-capitalist introduction. If you suspend all knowledge of the real world, it appears to make sense. Very well written and vey clever. But it has not aged well since it was written in 1973, and later editions make no attempt to update it.

Friedman, David D.. 1997. Hidden Order: The Economics of Everyday Life. HarperBusiness.

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Friedman, Milton and Rose Director Friedman. 1990 (1981). Free To Choose. Mariner Books.

(1981) Milton Friedman and Rose Director Friedman's major propaganda success for market-based everything.

Friedman, Milton, and Rose Friedman. 1980. Free to Choose: A Personal Statement. Harcourt.

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Galbraith, James. 2008. The Predator State: How Conservatives Abandoned the Free Market and Why Liberals Should Too. Free Press.

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Galbraith, James K.. 2012. Inequality and Instability: A Study of the World Economy Just Before the Great Crisis. Oxford University Press, USA.

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Galbraith, John Kenneth. 1996. The Good Society: The Humane Agenda. Houghton Mifflin.

The "why"s of liberalism, illustrating the competing goals in society and how to resolve them compassionately. A book of pragmatic compromise, that asks what is wanted by people rather than what ideology demands.

Gambetta, Diego. 1996. The Sicilian Mafia: The Business of Private Protection. Harvard University Press.

A comprehensive account of how the Sicilian Mafia organised and offered protection services to different customers.

Gamble, Andrew. 1996. Hayek: The Iron Cage Of Liberty. Westview Press.

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Gardner, Martin. 1983. The Whys of a Philosophical Scrivener. Quill.

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Garvey, John H.. 2000. What Are Freedoms For?. Harvard University Press.

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Gaylin, Willard, and Bruce Jennings. 2003. The Perversion of Autonomy: Coercion and Constraints in a Liberal Society. Georgetown University Press.

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Gaylin, Willard; Jennings, Bruce. 1996. The Perversion of Autonomy. Simon & Schuster, New York, NY, U.S.A..

Discusses the balance in a liberal society between the autonomy of the individual against the responsibility of individuals toward the community at large.

George, David. 2012. The Rhetoric of the Right: Language Change and the Spread of the Market. Routledge.

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Gigerenzer, Gerd, Ralph Hertwig, and Thorsten Pachur. 2015. Heuristics: The Foundations of Adaptive Behavior. Oxford University Press.

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Glazer, Amihai, and Lawrence S. Rothenberg. 2001. Why Government Succeeds and Why It Fails. Harvard University Press.

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Glendon, Mary Ann. 1993. Rights Talk: The Impoverishment of Political Discourse. Free Press.

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Goddard, Stephen B.. 1996. Getting There: The Epic Struggle between Road and Rail in the American Century. University Of Chicago Press.

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Godin, Seth. 2012. All Marketers are Liars: The Underground Classic That Explains How Marketing Really Works--and Why Authenticity Is the Best Marketing of All. Portfolio.

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Goldstein, Stephen. 2012. Atlas Drugged: Ayn Rand Be Damned!. Hellgate Press.

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Goodin, Robert E.. 1988. Reasons for Welfare: The Political Theory of the Welfare State. Princeton University Press.

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Goodsell, Charles T.. 2014. The New Case for Bureaucracy. CQ Press, U.S..

Reexamines empirical findings on U.S. bureaucratic performance, noting how well the American system really works.

Goodwin, Julie A. Nelson, Frank Ackerman, Thomas Weisskopf Neva. 2009. Microeconomics in Context. .

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Goodwin, Michael, David Bach, and Joel Bakan. 2012. Economix: How Our Economy Works (and Doesn't Work), in Words and Pictures. Harry N. Abrams.

"Economix is a graphic novel by Michael Goodwin, illustrated by Dan E. Burr, that explains the economy. More than a cartoon version of a textbook, Economix gives the whole story of the economy, from the rise of capitalism to Occupy Wall Street."

Gordon, John Steele. 1997. Hamilton's Blessing: The Extraordinary Life and Times of Our National Debt. Walker & Company.

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Gore, Al. 2007. The Assault on Reason. Penguin Press HC, The.

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Graeber, David. 2015. The Utopia of Rules: On Technology, Stupidity and the Secret Joys of Bureaucracy. Melville House.

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Gray, John. 1995. Beyond the New Right: Markets, Government and the Common Environment. Routledge.

John Gray once held views very close to libertarianism, but in this book he repudiates both neoclassical liberalism and libertarianism. Chapter 3, "The Moral Foundations of Market Institutions" contains some strong criticisms of the libertarian position.

Gray, John. 1995. Liberalism. Univ Of Minnesota Press.

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Grayling, A. C., and Arthur Schopenhauer. 2009. The Art of Always Being Right: The 38 Subtle Ways to Win an Argument. Gibson Square Books Ltd.

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Green, Donald, and Ian Shapiro. 1996. Pathologies of Rational Choice Theory: A Critique of Applications in Political Science. Yale University Press.

A serious, scholarly study of the intellectual failures of Rational Choice Theory.

Greene, Joshua. 2014. Moral Tribes: Emotion, Reason, and the Gap Between Us and Them. Penguin Books.

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Guinier, Lani. 1995. Tyranny of the Majority : Fundamental Fairness in Representative Democracy. Free Press.

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Hacker, Jacob S.. 2006. The Great Risk Shift: The Assault on American Jobs, Families, Health Care, and Retirement--And How You Can Fight Back. Oxford University Press, USA.

"[I]n the US, thanks to Gingrich and others like him, government has sought to increase individuals’ exposure to risk rather than to decrease it, typically under the mantra of increasing ‘choice’ or ‘freedom.’"

Haffner, Sebastian. 2003. Defying Hitler: A Memoir. Picador.

"This fascinating personal history elucidates how the average German grappled with a rapidly changing society, while chronicling day-to-day changes in attitudes, beliefs, politics, and prejudices."

Haidt, Jonathan. 2013. The Righteous Mind: Why Good People Are Divided by Politics and Religion. Vintage.

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Halliday, E. M.. 2001. Understanding Thomas Jefferson. Harper.

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Hamowy, Ronald. 2008. The Encyclopedia of Libertarianism. SAGE Publications, Inc.

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Hanke, Edited By Steve H.. 1987. Prospects For Privatization. APS.

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Hansmann, Henry. 2000. The Ownership of Enterprise. Belknap Press.

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Hardcastle, Gary L., and George A. Reisch. 2006. Bullshit and Philosophy: Guaranteed to Get Perfect Results Every Time. Open Court.

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Hardin, Garrett. 1993. Living within Limits: Ecology, Economics, and Population Taboos. Oxford University Press, USA.

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Hardin, Russell. 2014. How Do You Know?: The Economics of Ordinary Knowledge. Princeton University Press.

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Harford, Tim. 2007. The Undercover Economist. Random House Trade Paperbacks.

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Hartmann, Thom. 2002. Unequal Protection: The Rise of Corporate Dominance and the Theft of Human Rights. Rodale Books.

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Haworth, Alan. 1994. Anti-libertarianism: Markets, philosophy and myth. Routledge.

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Hayek, Friedrich A.. 1978. The Constitution of Liberty. The University of Chicago Press.

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Hayek, Friedrich A.. 1976. The Road to Serfdom: A Classic Warning Against the Dangers to Freedom Inherent in Social Planning. University of Chicago Press.

(1944) Friedrich von Hayek's comically failed prediction of the coming totalitarian socialist state in western nations.

Hazlitt, Henry. 1946. Economics in One Lesson. Three Rivers Press.

(1946) Henry Hazlitt's Austrian-style anti-progressivism reactionary rant. Peddled as an introduction to economics, because anyone with some knowledge of economics would laugh at it. 65 year old "the world is coming to an end tomorrow" doomsaying. And I'll never understand how he makes out 175+ pages in 24 chapters as "one lesson".

Heinlein, Robert. 1966. The Moon Is a Harsh Mistress. Orb Books.

(1966) One of the finest SF novels ever written. But the high levels of detail about a libertarian society fail to make such a society plausible, and it suffers badly from the "we don't give a hoot about other people's problems so we blame them" aspect of libertarianism.

Heller, Anne Conover. 2009. Ayn Rand and the World She Made. Nan A. Talese.

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Heller, Michael. 2008. The Gridlock Economy: How Too Much Ownership Wrecks Markets, Stops Innovation, and Costs Lives. Basic Books.

"Usually, private ownership creates wealth, but too much ownership has the opposite effect -- it creates gridlock. When too many people own pieces of one thing, whether a physical or intellectual resource, cooperation breaks down, wealth disappears, and everybody loses."

Helpman, Elhanan. 2004. The Mystery of Economic Growth. Belknap Press.

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Henigan, Dennis A., E. Bruce Nicholson, and David Hemenway. 1996. Guns and the Constitution: The Myth of Second Amendment Protection for Firearms in America. Aletheia Pr.

A book-length FAQ of refutations of the gun-ownership propaganda and mythology promulgated by the NRA and gleefully parroted by libertarians. Essential reading.

Herrnstein, Richard J., and Charles Murray. 1996. The Bell Curve: Intelligence and Class Structure in American Life. Free Press.

An atrocious exercise in cherrypicking data to support racist themes of black inferiority. Citations from classic racist literature. Debunked by innumerable academics. The argument was based on numerous faulty assumptions, statistical monkey business and appeal to racist inclinations. Not peer reviewed before publication. No support for the genetic claims made in this book has ever been found.

Hill, Rod, and Anthony Myatt. 2010. The Economics Anti-Textbook: A Critical Thinker's Guide to Microeconomics. Zed Books.

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Hilts, Philip J.. 2003. Protecting America's Health: The FDA, Business, and One Hundred Years of Regulation. Knopf.

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Hirschman, Albert O.. 1970. Exit, Voice, and Loyalty: Responses to Decline in Firms, Organizations, and States. Harvard University Press.

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Hirschman, Albert O.. 1992. Rival Views of Market Society and Other Recent Essays. Harvard University Press.

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Hirschman, Albert O.. 1991. The Rhetoric of Reaction: Perversity, Futility, Jeopardy. Belknap Press.

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Hobhouse, L. T.. 1964. Liberalism. Oxford University Press, USA.

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Hodgson, Godfrey. 2010. The Myth of American Exceptionalism. Yale University Press.

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Hofstadter, Richard. 1992. Social Darwinism in American Thought. Beacon Press.

Rebukes Spencerian Social Darwinist arguments for laissez-faire.

Hohfeld, Wesley, Arthur L. Corbin (New Forward), and Walter Wheeler Cook. 2010. Fundamental Legal Conceptions as Applied in Judicial Reasoning. The Lawbook Exchange, Ltd..

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Holmes, Stephen. 1997. Passions and Constraint: On the Theory of Liberal Democracy. University of Chicago Press.

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Holmes, Stephen. 1996. The Anatomy of Antiliberalism. Harvard University Press.

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Holmes, Stephen, Cass R. Sunstein, and Cass Sunstein. 1999. The Cost of Rights: Why Liberty Depends on Taxes. W. W. Norton & Company.

Legally enforceable rights cost money, a fact ignored by many libertarian ideologues.

Hudson, William E.. 2007. The Libertarian Illusion: Ideology, Public Policy and the Assault on the Common Good. CQ Press.

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Huemer, Michael. 2012. The Problem of Political Authority: An Examination of the Right to Coerce and the Duty to Obey. Palgrave Macmillan.

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Hughes, Thomas P.. 1998. Rescuing Prometheus. Pantheon.

An analysis of how four large-scale government projects basically invented and then transformed modern systems management and operations research while also developing much of the core technology of the post-modern world.

Hume, David. 2017. A Treatise of Human Nature. CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform.

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Hummel, Jeffrey Rogers. 1996. Emancipating Slaves, Enslaving Free Men: A History of the American Civil War. Open Court.

Revisionist libertarian historian Jeffrey Hummel shows that Abraham Lincoln is the Great Statist Satan who transformed the US into a statist hellhole. How does that work with libertarian claims that the late 19th century US was closest to libertarian?

Hunt, E. K., and Mark Lautzenheiser. 2011. History of Economic Thought, 3rd Edition: A Critical Perspective. Routledge.

A readable textbook that will clarify your understanding of the pitfalls of different economic ideas, starting with the "invisible foot of the market".

Ingram, Attracta. 1995. A Political Theory of Rights. Oxford University Press, USA.

Ingram argues that the libertarian concept of self-ownership is inadequate, and proposes a (much more complex) theory of rights based in a principle of self-government. Chapters 1-3, form a useful exposition and critique of the standard libertarian position.

Irons, Peter. 1999. A People's History of the Supreme Court. Viking Adult.

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Johnston, David Cay. 2005. Perfectly Legal: The Covert Campaign to Rig Our Tax System to Benefit the Super Rich--and Cheat Everybody Else. Portfolio Trade.

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Johnston, David Cay. 2012. The Fine Print: How Big Companies Use "Plain English" to Rob You Blind. Portfolio Hardcover.

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Jones, Daniel Stedman. 2014. Masters of the Universe: Hayek, Friedman, and the Birth of Neoliberal Politics. Princeton University Press.

"Based on archival research and interviews with leading participants in the movement, Masters of the Universe traces the ascendancy of neoliberalism from the academy of interwar Europe to supremacy under Reagan and Thatcher and in the decades since."

Jowett, Garth S., and Victoria J. O'Donnell. 2011. Propaganda & Persuasion. SAGE Publications, Inc.

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Jr., Alfred D. Chandler. 1993. The Visible Hand: The Managerial Revolution in American Business. Belknap Press.

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Kaplow, Louis, and Steven Shavell. 2002. Fairness versus Welfare. Harvard University Press.

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Kay, John. 2004. Culture and Prosperity: The Truth About Markets - Why Some Nations Are Rich but Most Remain Poor. HarperBusiness.

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Keen, Steve. 2001. Debunking Economics: The Naked Emperor of the Social Sciences. Pluto Pr Australia.

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Keller, Morton. 1990. Regulating a New Economy: Public Policy and Economic Change in America, 1900-1933. Harvard University Press.

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Kelly, Georgia, Benjamin Boyce, Benjamin Colby, Gus DiZerega, Julianne Maurseth, and Barry Spector. 2013. Uncivil Liberties: Deconstructing Libertarianism. Praxis Peace Institute.

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Kelly, Marjorie. 2001. The Divine Right of Capital: Dethroning the Corporate Aristocracy. Berrett-Koehler Publishers.

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Kelsey, Jane. 1996. Economic Fundamentalism: A World Model For Structural Adjustment. Pluto Press.

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Kelsey, Jane. 2000. Reclaiming the Future New Zealand and the Global Economy. Bridget Williams Books.

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Kelsey, Jane. 1996. Rolling Back the State: Privatisation of Power in Aotearoa/New Zealand. Bridget Williams Books.

Details the unhappy consequences of a real-world libertarian economic experiment.

Kelsey, Jane. 1997. The New Zealand Experiment: A World Model for Structural Adjustment. Auckland Univ Pr.

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Kennedy, Caroline, and Ellen Alderman. 1995. The Right To Privacy. Alfred A. Knopf.

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Kenworthy, Lane. 2014. Social Democratic America. Oxford University Press, USA.

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Klein, Gary. 1999. Sources of Power: How People Make Decisions. The MIT Press.

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Klein, Naomi. 2000. No Logo: Taking Aim at the Brand Bullies. Picador.

Discusses the ill effects of allowing popular culture to be shaped by branding in the quest for corporate profits.

Klein, Naomi. 2008. The Shock Doctrine: The Rise of Disaster Capitalism. Picador.

The Shock Doctrine advances a truly unnerving argument: historically, while people were reeling from natural disasters, wars and economic upheavals, savvy politicians and industry leaders nefariously implemented policies that would never have passed during less muddled times.

Kley, Roland. 1995. Hayek's Social and Political Thought. Oxford University Press, USA.

Shows that Hayek's concept of a spontaneous order doesn't stand up to scrutiny, undermining a body of theory libertarians often draw upon to show that free markets work.

Komlos, John. 2014. What Every Economics Student Needs to Know and Doesn't Get in the Usual Principles Text. M.E.Sharpe.

John Komlos shows how misleading it can be to mechanically apply the perfect competition model in an oligopolistic environment where only an insignificant share of economic activity takes place in perfectly competitive conditions.

Korten, David C.. 2001. When Corporations Rule the World. Berrett-Koehler Publishers.

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Kotz, David M.. 2015. The Rise and Fall of Neoliberal Capitalism. Harvard University Press.

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Kramer, Matthew, N. E. Simmonds, and Hillel Steiner. 2000. A Debate Over Rights: Philosophical Enquiries. Oxford University Press.

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Krugman, Paul. 1995. Peddling Prosperity: Economic Sense and Nonsense in an Age of Diminished Expectations. W. W. Norton & Company.

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Krugman, Paul. 1997. Pop Internationalism. The MIT Press.

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Krugman, Paul. 1994. Rethinking International Trade. The MIT Press.

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Krugman, Paul. 1994. The Age of Diminished Expectations. Mit Pr.

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Krugman, Paul. 2003. The Great Unraveling: Losing Our Way in the New Century. W. W. Norton & Company.

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Kuttner, Robert. 1997. Everything for Sale: The Virtues and Limits of Markets. Knopf.

Why mixed economies would outperform pure markets. Essential for countering libertarian economic arguments.

Kuttner, Robert. 1987. The Economic Illusion: False Choices Between Prosperity and Social Justice. University of Pennsylvania Press.

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Kwak, James. 2017. Economism: Bad Economics and the Rise of Inequality. Pantheon.

"This conviction that the world must behave the way it does on the blackboard is what I call economism. This style of thinking is influential because it is clear and logical, reducing complex issues to simple, pseudo-mathematical axioms. But it is not simply an innocent mistake made by inattentive undergraduates. Economism is Economics 101 transformed into an ideology—an ideology that is particularly persuasive because it poses as a neutral means of understanding the world."

Kymlicka, Will. 2001. Contemporary Political Philosophy: An Introduction. Oxford University Press, USA.

Now the standard text in the field; very highly regarded. Has a long chapter on libertarianism. Not at all kind to it.

Kyriazi, Harold. 2000. Libertarian Party at Sea on Land. Robert Schalkenbach Foundation.

A libertarian criticizes the Libertarian Party positions regarding ownership of natural resources for inconsistency with its own principles.

Lakoff, George, Howard Dean, and Don Hazen. 2004. Don't Think of an Elephant!: Know Your Values and Frame the Debate--The Essential Guide for Progressives. Chelsea Green Publishing.

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Lakoff, George. 1996. Moral Politics: What Conservatives Know That Liberals Don't. University Of Chicago Press.

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Lakoff, George. 2006. Thinking Points: Communicating Our American Values and Vision. Farrar, Straus and Giroux.

George Lakoff's handbook for progressive framing and political change. A short downloadable book.
George Lakoff's handbook for progressive framing and political change. A short downloadable book.

Lamoreaux, Naomi R.. 1988. The Great Merger Movement in American Business, 1895-1904. Cambridge University Press.

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Landes, William M., and Richard A. Posner. 2003. The Economic Structure of Intellectual Property Law. Belknap Press.

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Larson, John Lauritz. 2001. Internal Improvement: National Public Works and the Promise of Popular Government in the Early United States. The University of North Carolina Press.

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Leibenstein, Harvey. 1976. Beyond Economic Man: New Foundations for Microeconomics. Harvard University Press.

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Leighninger, Robert D. Jr.. 2007. Long-Range Public Investment: The Forgotten Legacy of the New Deal (Social Problems and Social Issues (Univ of South Carolina)). University of South Carolina Press.

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Lessig, Lawrence. 2000. Code: And Other Laws of Cyberspace. Basic Books.

A non-libertarian view of the threats to freedom in cyberspace both from government and the market. Makes the point that freedom comes from a particular kind of government, not no government.

Lessig, Lawrence. 2011. Republic, Lost: How Money Corrupts Congress--and a Plan to Stop It. Twelve.

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Levy, Jacob T.. 2017. Rationalism, Pluralism, and Freedom. Oxford University Press.

"Intermediate groups -- voluntary associations, churches, ethnocultural groups, universities, and more -- can both protect and threaten individual liberty. The same is true for centralized state action against such groups... liberal political thought rests on a deep tension between a rationalist suspicion of intermediate and local group power, and a pluralism favorable toward intermediate group life, and preserving the bulk of its suspicion for the centralizing state."

Lind, Michael. 1996. UP FROM CONSERVATISM: Why the Right is Wrong for America. Free Press.

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Lindblom, Charles E.. 2002. The Market System: What It Is, How It Works, and What to Make of It. Yale University Press.

The big picture of what markets do well and poorly, their benefits and harms. Very balanced.

Lindert, Peter H.. 2004. Growing Public: Volume 1, The Story: Social Spending and Economic Growth since the Eighteenth Century. Cambridge University Press.

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Locke, John. 1689. Two Treatises on Government.

One of the major parents of early liberalism. The "mixing of labor to make property" claim comes from here.

Loewen, James W.. 1996. Lies My Teacher Told Me : Everything Your American History Textbook Got Wrong. Touchstone.

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Lopez, Alan D., Colin D. Mathers, Majid Ezzati, Dean T. Jamison, and Christopher J. L. Murray. 2006. Global Burden of Disease and Risk Factors. World Bank Publications.

Identifies that DALYs (disability adjusted life years) lost due to intentional violence (1/3 of which are war) are about 4% of the total lost to all disease. Governments have prevented far more deaths than they have caused through violence.

MacLean, Nancy. 2017. Democracy in Chains: The Deep History of the Radical Right's Stealth Plan for America. Viking.

“This sixty-year campaign to make libertarianism mainstream and eventually take the government itself is at the heart of Democracy in Chains. . . . If you're worried about what all this means for America's future, you should be” – NPR

Macpherson, C. B.. 1973. Democratic Theory: Essays in Retrieval. Oxford University Press, USA.

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MacPherson, C.B.. 1999. Property: Mainstream and Critical Positions. University of Toronto Press, Scholarly Publishing Division.

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Madrick, Jeff. 2008. The Case for Big Government. Princeton University Press.

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Mahar, Maggie. 2006. Money-Driven Medicine: The Real Reason Health Care Costs So Much. HarperBusiness.

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Maher, John. 2001. Introducing Chomsky, 2nd Edition. Icon Books.

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Maier, Pauline. 1998. American Scripture: Making the Declaration of Independence. Vintage.

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Malcolm, Joyce Lee. 1996. To Keep and Bear Arms: The Origins of an Anglo-American Right. Harvard University Press.

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Manent, Pierre. 1994. An Intellectual History of Liberalism. Princeton University Press.

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Manning, Alan. 2003. Monopsony in Motion. Princeton University Press.

Analyzes labor markets from the real-world perspective that employers have significant market (or monopsony) power over their workers because of transaction costs of changing jobs. "The book addresses the theoretical implications of monopsony and presents a wealth of empirical evidence."

Marcal, Katrine. 2016. Who Cooked Adam Smith's Dinner?: A Story of Women and Economics. Pegasus Books.

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Marshall, Peter. 2010. Demanding the Impossible: A History of Anarchism. PM Press.

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Maskin, Eric, and Amartya Sen. 2014. The Arrow Impossibility Theorem. Columbia University Press.

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Maxwell, Sarah. 2008. The Price is Wrong: Understanding What Makes a Price Seem Fair and the True Cost of Unfair Pricing. Wiley.

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Mayer, Jane. 2016. Dark Money: The Hidden History of the Billionaires Behind the Rise of the Radical Right. Doubleday.

When libertarian ideas proved decidedly unpopular with voters, the Koch brothers and their allies chose another path. If they pooled their vast resources, they could fund an interlocking array of organizations that could work in tandem to influence and ultimately control academic institutions, think tanks, the courts, statehouses, Congress, and, they hoped, the presidency.

Mayer, Susan E.. 1998. What Money Can't Buy: Family Income and Children's Life Chances. Harvard University Press.

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Mazzucato, Mariana. 2013. The Entrepreneurial State: Debunking Public vs. Private Sector Myths. Anthem Press.

This book debunks the myth of the state as market failure fixer, leaving entrepreneurship to the private sector. Case studies reveal the opposite: the private sector follows the state's bold, high-risk investments.

McCraw, Thomas K.. 1986. Prophets of Regulation: Charles Francis Adams; Louis D. Brandeis; James M. Landis; Alfred E. Kahn. Belknap Press.

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McKenzie, Professor Evan. 1994. Privatopia: Homeowner Associations and the Rise of Residential Private Government. Yale University Press.

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McQuaig, Linda. 1999. Cult of Impotence: Selling the Myth of Powerlessness in the Global Economy. Penguin Books.

Why economic globalization and its effects are not inevitable, and why democratic government can and should ameliorate those effects.

McWilliams, Peter. 1996. Ain't Nobody's Business If You Do : The Absurdity of Consensual Crimes in Our Free Country. Mary Books.

(1996) Peter McWilliams exemplifies how an obsession with liberty can lead you to discount all externalities. Nothing you do can affect anybody else!

McWilliams, Peter. 1996. Ain't Nobody's Business If You Do: The Absurdity of Consensual Crimes in Our Free Country. Mary Books.

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Michaels, David. 2008. Doubt is Their Product: How Industry's Assault on Science Threatens Your Health. Oxford University Press.

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Michelman, Irving S.. 1994. The Moral Limitations of Capitalism. Avebury.

Proposes criteria for establishing positive economic rights.

Miller, Brian, and Mike Lapham. 2012. The Self-Made Myth: And the Truth about How Government Helps Individuals and Businesses Succeed. Berrett-Koehler Publishers.

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Mirowski, Philip, and Dieter Plehwe. 2009. The Road from Mont Pelerin: The Making of the Neoliberal Thought Collective. Harvard University Press.

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Mises, Ludwig von. 2010. Human Action: The Scholar's Edition. Ludwig von Mises Institute.

(1940, originally) (The Scholar's Edition) Ludwig von Mises' enormous rant in favor of the pseudoscience of praxeology. A self-study course in convincing yourself you understand economics and all the academic and professional economists are mistaken.

Moore, Mark H.. 1995. Creating Public Value: Strategic Management in Government. Harvard University Press.

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Morozov, Evgeny. 2014. To Save Everything, Click Here: The Folly of Technological Solutionism. PublicAffairs.

To a hammer, every problem looks like a nail. The internet is one such hammer. This book exposes the myopia of internet advocates.

Moss, David. 2004. When All Else Fails: Government as the Ultimate Risk Manager. Harvard University Press.

"In policies as diverse as limited liability, deposit insurance, Social Security, and federal disaster relief, American lawmakers have managed a wide array of private-sector risks, transforming both the government and countless private actors into insurers of last resort... Well suited to a society suspicious of government activism, public risk management has emerged as a critical form of government intervention in the United States."

Mullainathan, Sendhil, and Eldar Shafir. 2013. Scarcity: Why Having Too Little Means So Much. Times Books.

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Munzer, Stephen R.. 1990. A Theory of Property. Cambridge University Press.

An intuitionist theory based on principles of utility, efficiency, justice, equality and labor-based desert.

Murphy, Liam, and Thomas Nagel. 2002. The Myth of Ownership: Taxes and Justice. Oxford University Press, USA.

Explains property rights as government creations, and taxes as part of property.

Murray, Charles. 1996. What It Means to Be a Libertarian: A Personal Interpretation. Broadway.

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Murray, Malcolm. 2007. Liberty, Games and Contracts: Jan Narveson & the Defence of Libertarianism. Ashgate Publishing.

14 philosophers critique Narveson's justification of libertarianism. Narveson responds at the end.

Narveson, Jan. 1992. The Libertarian Idea. Temple Univ Pr.

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Nelson, Robert. 2002. Economics As Religion: From Samuelson to Chicago and Beyond. Pennsylvania State Univ.

An examination of the religious-style rhetoric upon which economics is founded and promoted. Themes of genesis, prophets, prophesies, salvation and more are illustrated.

Nesbit, Jeff. 2016. Poison Tea: How Big Oil and Big Tobacco Invented the Tea Party and Captured the GOP. Thomas Dunne Books.

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Newman, Stephen L.. 1984. Liberalism at Wits' End: The Libertarian Revolt Against the Modern State. Cornell University Press.

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Nielsen, Kai. 1984. Equality and Liberty: A Defense of Radical Egalitarianism. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.

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Novak, William J.. 1996. People's Welfare. The University of North Carolina Press.

"Blasts to pieces... the libertarian fantasy that until the twentieth century the American state left private property owners and economic entrepreneurs alone." --Robert W. Gordon, Yale Law School.

Nozick,Robert. 1974. Anarchy, State, and Utopia. Basic Books.

(1974) Robert Nozick has written the most academically important attempt at libertarian philosophy. Starting with the fantasy of Natural Rights, it is rife with fallacies, misdirection and unstated assumptions.

Nussbaum, Martha, and Amartya Sen. 1993. The Quality of Life. Oxford University Press, USA.

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Nussbaum, Martha C.. 2011. Creating Capabilities: The Human Development Approach. Belknap Press.

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Nutt, David. 2012. Drugs Without the Hot Air. UIT Cambridge Ltd..

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Nyquist, Greg. 2001. Ayn Rand Contra Human Nature. iUniverse.

Perhaps the most extensive philosophical criticism of Ayn Rand and Objectivism. It finds that her assumptions about human nature do not match scientific knowledge of human nature.

O'Neill, Martin, and Thad Williamson. 2014. Property-Owning Democracy: Rawls and Beyond. Wiley-Blackwell.

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O'Neill, William F.. 2007. With Charity Toward None: An Analysis of Ayn Rand's Philosophy. Philosophical Library.

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Okin, Susan Moller. 1991. Justice, Gender, And The Family. Basic Books.

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Olsaretti, Serena. 2009. Liberty, Desert and the Market: A Philosophical Study. Cambridge University Press.

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Olson, Mancur. 1971. The Logic of Collective Action: Public Goods and the Theory of Groups, Second printing with new preface and appendix. Harvard University Press.

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Oreskes, Naomi, and Erik M. M. Conway. 2011. Merchants of Doubt: How a Handful of Scientists Obscured the Truth on Issues from Tobacco Smoke to Global Warming. Bloomsbury Press.

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Orren, Karen. 1992. Belated Feudalism: Labor, the Law, and Liberal Development in the United States. Cambridge University Press.

Trade unions and the New Deal institution of collective bargaining helped end the feudal common law of master and servant that made capitalism so inegalitarian and undemocratic.

Ostrom, Elinor. 1990. Governing the Commons: The Evolution of Institutions for Collective Action. Cambridge University Press.

Elinor Ostrom's book on non-private, non-government control of resources which earned her a Nobel Prize in Economics.

Ostrom, Elinor, and Dan H. Cole. 2011. Property in Land and Other Resources. Lincoln Institute of Land Policy.

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Otsuka, Michael. 2005. Libertarianism without Inequality. Clarendon Press.

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Paine, Thomas. 1797. Agrarian Justice. A&D Books.

Thomas Paines' prescient proposal which advocated the use of an estate tax and a tax on land values to fund a universal old-age and disability pension, as well as a fixed sum to be paid to all citizens on reaching maturity.

Papaioannou, Theo. 2010. Robert Nozick's Moral and Political Theory: A Philosophical Critique of Libertarianism. Edwin Mellen.

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Parijs, Philippe Van. 1995. Real Freedom for All: What (If Anything) Can Justify Capitalism?. Oxford University Press, USA.

Policy implications for resolving the conflict between capitalism's unacceptable inequality and the paramount importance of real freedom.

Parijs, Philippe van, Joshua Cohen, and Joel Rogers. 2001. What's Wrong With a Free Lunch?. Beacon Press.

16 widely varied points of view on the idea of a Universal Basic Income as an antidote to the extreme inequalities of capitalism.

Pariser, Eli. 2012. The Filter Bubble: How the New Personalized Web Is Changing What We Read and How We Think. Penguin Books.

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Parker, Richard. 2005. John Kenneth Galbraith: His Life, His Politics, His Economics. Farrar, Straus and Giroux.

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Passas, Nikos, and Neva R. Goodwin. 2005. It's Legal but It Ain't Right: Harmful Social Consequences of Legal Industries. University of Michigan Press.

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Paul, Ellen Frankel, Jr. Fred D. Miller, and Jeffrey Paul. 1998. Problems of Market Liberalism: Volume 15, Social Philosophy and Policy, Part 2. Cambridge University Press.

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Paul, Jeffrey. 1981. Reading Nozick: Essays on Anarchy, State, and Utopia. Rowman & Littlefield.

An anthology of essays about Anarchy, State, and Utopia.

Paul, Rand. 2012. Government Bullies: How Everyday Americans Are Being Harassed, Abused, and Imprisoned by the Feds. Center Street.

Classic ideological one-sided story telling, to make the EPA and other government agencies into villains. Ignore the fact that the "victims" were convicted of crimes by juries.

Perelman, Michael. 2006. Railroading Economics: The Creation of the Free Market Mythology. Monthly Review Press.

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Perelman, Michael. 2000. The Invention of Capitalism: Classical Political Economy and the Secret History of Primitive Accumulation. Duke University Press Books.

An academic examination of how governments created the preconditions for capitalism by separating peasants from their land, following the advice of classical economists such as Adam Smith.

Perelman, Michael. 2011. The Invisible Handcuffs of Capitalism: How Market Tyranny Stifles the Economy by Stunting Workers. Monthly Review Press.

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PhD, Warren Throckmorton, and Michael Coulter PhD. 2012. Getting Jefferson Right: Fact Checking Claims about Our Third President. Salem Grove Press.

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Phelps, Edmund S.. 2013. Mass Flourishing: How Grassroots Innovation Created Jobs, Challenge, and Change. Princeton University Press.

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Phillips-Fein, Kim. 2010. Invisible Hands: The Businessmen's Crusade Against the New Deal. W. W. Norton & Company.

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Phillips-Fein, Kim. 2009. Invisible Hands: The Making of the Conservative Movement from the New Deal to Reagan. W. W. Norton & Company.

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Pickett, Kate. 2011. The Spirit Level: Why Equality is Better for Everyone. Bloomsbury Press.

Wilkinson and Pickett make an eloquent case that the income gap between a nation's richest and poorest is the most powerful indicator of a functioning and healthy society. -- Publishers Weekly

Pickett, Kate, and Richard Wilkinson. 2011. The Spirit Level: Why Greater Equality Makes Societies Stronger. Bloomsbury Press.

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Pigliucci, Massimo. 2010. Nonsense on Stilts: How to Tell Science from Bunk. University Of Chicago Press.

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Piketty, Thomas. 2014. Capital in the Twenty-First Century. Belknap Press.

This book shows how policies concentrate wealth in the hands of the .01%, increasing inequality. Libertarianism has always been sponsored by the extremely rich, and their positions have favored these policies or worse.

Plattner, Stuart. 1989. Economic Anthropology. Stanford University Press.

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Pogge, Thomas W.. 2008. World Poverty and Human Rights. Polity.

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Polanyi, Karl. 1944. The Great Transformation: The Political and Economic Origins of Our Time. Amereon Ltd (January 3, 2012).

Explains the socially constructed nature of "free markets", as opposed to "spontaneous order". A major work of economic history.

Poole, Steven. 2006. Unspeak: How Words Become Weapons, How Weapons Become a Message, and How That Message Becomes Reality. Grove Press.

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Posner, Richard A.. 1996. Overcoming Law. Harvard University Press.

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Posner, Richard A.. 1981. The Economics of Justice. Harvard University Press.

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Posner, Richard A.. 2002. The Problematics of Moral and Legal Theory. Belknap Press.

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Posner, The Honorable Richard A.. 2003. Law, Pragmatism, and Democracy. Harvard University Press.

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Powell, Jim. 2004. FDR's Folly: How Roosevelt and His New Deal Prolonged the Great Depression. Three Rivers Press.

A classic of cherry-picking and misrepresenting history to suit ideology. Demonizes FDR, who then stands for all that libertarians hate. Four legs good, two legs baaaad.

Putnam, Hilary. 1981. Reason, Truth and History. Cambridge University Press.

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Quiggin, John. 2010. Zombie Economics: How Dead Ideas Still Walk among Us. Princeton University Press.

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Radin, Margaret Jane. 1996. Contested Commodities. Harvard University Press.

An examination of how non-market values are important to personhood, and how social and economic inequality threaten those values, necessitating regulation.

Rakove, Jack N.. 1997. Original Meanings: Politics and Ideas in the Making of the Constitution. Vintage.

Pullitzer Prize winning background that helps to understand the fallacies in simplistic libertarian constitutional interpretations.

Rampton, Sheldon, and John Stauber. 2000. Trust Us, We're Experts: How Industry Manipulates Science and gambles with Your Future. Tarcher.

Details of the public relations and brownlash manipulations of CATO, Steven Milloy, and others.

Rand, Ayn. 1999 (1957). Atlas Shrugged. Plume; Reprint edition.

(1957) Ayn Rand's horribly written young-adult fiction. A grotesque self-parody.

Rand, Ayn. 1984. Philosophy: Who Needs It. Signet Books.

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Rand, Ayn, and Harry Binswanger. 1988. The Ayn Rand Lexicon: Objectivism from A to Z. Plume.

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Rand, Ayn, and Leonard Peikoff. 1990. The Voice of Reason: Essays in Objectivist Thought. Plume.

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Rasmussen, Douglas, and Douglas J. Den Uyl. 1991. Liberty and Nature: An Aristotelian Defense of Liberal Order. Open Court.

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Ravitch, Diane. 2013. Reign of Error: The Hoax of the Privatization Movement and the Danger to America's Public Schools. Knopf.

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Rawls, John. 1999. A Theory of Justice. Belknap Press.

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Rawls, John, and Erin Kelly. 2001. Justice as Fairness: A Restatement. Belknap Press.

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Rawls, John. 2001. The Law of Peoples: with "The Idea of Public Reason Revisited". Harvard University Press.

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Rawls, Professor John. 1993. Political Liberalism. Columbia University Press.

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Rayack, Elton. 1986. Not So Free to Choose: The Political Economy of Milton Friedman and Ronald Reagan. Praeger.

An extensive criticism of Milton Friedman's economic and social philosophy.

Reeve, Andrew. 1986. Property. Humanities Pr.

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Reich, Robert B.. 2016. Saving Capitalism: For the Many, Not the Few. Vintage.

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Richardson, J. L.. 2001. Contending Liberalisms in World Politics: Ideology and Power. Lynne Rienner Pub.

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Robbins, John W.. 2006. Without A Prayer - Ayn Rand And The Close Of Her System. Trinity Foundation.

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Robeyns, Ingrid. 2017. Wellbeing, Freedom and Social Justice: The Capability Approach Re-Examined. Open Book Publishers.

"In a nutshell, the reason the capability approach is worth our time and attention is that it gives us a new way of evaluating the lives of individuals and the societies in which these people live their lives. The attention is shifted to public values currently not always considered most important -- such as wellbeing, freedom and justice."

Robin, Corey. 2013. The Reactionary Mind: Conservatism from Edmund Burke to Sarah Palin. Oxford University Press, USA.

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Rodgers, Daniel T.. 1998. Contested Truths: Keywords in American Politics Since Independence. Harvard University Press.

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Rodrik, Dani. 2016. Economics Rules: The Rights and Wrongs of the Dismal Science. W. W. Norton & Company.

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Roemer, John E.. 1988. Free to Lose: An Introduction to Marxist Economic Philosophy. Harvard University Press.

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Rollins, L. A.. 1983. The Myth of Natural Rights. Breakout Productions.

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Rosenberg, Justin. 2001. The Follies of Globalisation Theory. Verso.

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Rowe, Jonathan, and Peter Barnes. 2013. Our Common Wealth: The Hidden Economy That Makes Everything Else Work. Berrett-Koehler Publishers.

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Royte, Elizabeth. 2008. Bottlemania: How Water Went on Sale and Why We Bought It. Bloomsbury USA.

The rise of bottled water, which often costs more than gasoline, undermines investment in public water supplies and poses huge burdens on the poor. It also creates huge waste problems with empty bottles and enormous pollution from manufacturing and transportation.

Rushkoff, Douglas. 1999. Coercion: Why We Listen to What "They" Say. Riverhead Hardcover.

The coercive and manipulative arms race between marketers and the public.

Rushkoff, Douglas. 2009. Life Inc.: How the World Became a Corporation and How to Take It Back. Random House.

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Ruwart, Mary. 2003. Healing Our World: In an Age of Aggression. SunStar Press.

(2003) Libertarianism repackaged for the new-agey. Pseudoscientific, pollyanna claptrap.

Ruwart, Mary. 1993. Healing Our World: The Other Piece of the Puzzle. SunStar Press.

(1993) Libertarianism repackaged for the new-agey. Pseudoscientific, pollyanna claptrap. Revised as Healing Our World: In an Age of Aggression.

Ryan, Alan. 1988. Property. Univ of Minnesota Pr.

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Ryan, Scott. 2003. Objectivism and the Corruption of Rationality: A Critique of Ayn Rand's Epistemology. iUniverse.

A technical analysis that finds Objectivism to be both incoherent and unoriginal.

Rydahl, Malene. 2017. Happy as a Dane: 10 Secrets of the Happiest People in the World. W. W. Norton & Company.

The "secrets" are trust, education, freedom and independence, equal opportunity, realistic expectations, solidarity and respect for others, work-life balance, relationship to money, modesty, and gender equality.

Salanie, Bernard. 2000. Microeconomics of Market Failures. The MIT Press.

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Samuels, Warren J.. 2014. Erasing the Invisible Hand: Essays on an Elusive and Misused Concept in Economics. Cambridge University Press.

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Sandel, Michael J.. 2013. What Money Can't Buy: The Moral Limits of Markets. Farrar, Straus and Giroux.

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Sanders, John T., and Jan Narveson. 1996. For and Against the State: New Philosophical Readings. Rowman & Littlefield.

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Satz, Debra. 2010. Why Some Things Should Not Be for Sale: The Moral Limits of Markets. Oxford University Press, USA.

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Schlefer, Jonathan. 2012. The Assumptions Economists Make. Belknap Press.

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Schopenhauer, Arthur. 2008. The Art of Being Right. Dodo Press.

An acidulous and sarcastic treatise written by the German philosopher Arthur Schopenhauer in sarcastic deadpan. In it, Schopenhauer examines a total of thirty-eight methods of showing up one's opponent in a debate.

Schulman, Daniel. 2014. Sons of Wichita: How the Koch Brothers Became America's Most Powerful and Private Dynasty. Grand Central Publishing.

The first biography of the 4 Koch brothers and their rise to billionaire plutocracy. Explains the interlocking system of domination of the political apparatus by Charles and David.

Schwartz, Howard I.. 2014. Beyond Liberty Alone: A Progressive Vision of Freedom and Capitalism in America. Other Ideas Press.

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Schüll, Natasha Dow. 2014. Addiction by Design: Machine Gambling in Las Vegas. Princeton University Press.

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Sciabarra, Chris M.. 1995. Ayn Rand: The Russian Radical. Penn State University Press.

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Sen, Amartya. 1999. Development as Freedom. Knopf.

A Nobel prize-winning economist explains elimination of "capability deprivation" in five categories as being crucial to freedom. Shows libertarian ideas of economic freedom to be dreadfully incomplete for liberty or freedom.

Sen, Amartya. 1992. Inequality Reexamined. Harvard University Press.

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Sen, Amartya, and Geoffrey Hawthorn. 1989. The Standard of Living. Cambridge University Press.

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Sen, Professor Amartya. 2003. Rationality and Freedom. Belknap Press.

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Shain, Barry Alan. 1996. The Myth of American Individualism. Princeton University Press.

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Shapiro, Ian. 2005. The Flight from Reality in the Human Sciences. Princeton University Press.

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Shaw, William. 1999. Contemporary Ethics: Taking Account of Utilitarianism. Wiley-Blackwell.

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Shenkman, Richard. 2011. Legends , Lies & Cherished Myths of World History. William Morrow Paperbacks.

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Sibley, Angus. 2011. The "Poisoned Spring" of Economic Libertarianism: Menger, Mises, Hayek, Rothbard: A Critique from Catholic Social Teaching of the 'Austrian School' of Economics. CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform.

Angus Sibley criticizes Austrian economics and resulting libertarianism both from the viewpoint of practical economics and from Catholic teaching. "[...] what neoconservatives call ‘freedom’ has turned out to be the liberty of wealthy capitalists to subvert the political process, to dominate economic decision-making, and generally to take advantage of everyone else."

Simmons, A. John. 1981. Moral Principles and Political Obligations. Princeton University Press.

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Sinclair, Hugh. 2012. Confessions of a Microfinance Heretic: How Microlending Lost Its Way and Betrayed the Poor. Berrett-Koehler Publishers.

How microfinance was coopted by big banks to resemble payday loans with exorbitant interest rates.

Singer, Joseph William. 2000. Entitlement: The Paradoxes of Property. Yale University Press.

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Singer, Peter. 2009. The Life You Can Save: Acting Now to End World Poverty. Random House.

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Skyrms, Brian. 1996. Evolution of the Social Contract. Cambridge University Press.

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Slee, Tom. 2006. No One Makes You Shop at Wal-Mart: The Surprising Deceptions of Individual Choice. Between the Lines.

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Slee, Tom. 2006. No One Makes You Shop At Wall Mart: The Surprising Deceptions Of Individual Choice. Between The Lines.

Tom Slee's easy to read game-theoretic description of how MarketThink, the dogma of individual choice, does not lead to optimal outcomes.

Slee, Tom. 2016. What's Yours Is Mine: Against the Sharing Economy. OR Books.

A comprehensive critique of the hyper-capitalism behind the feel-good marketing of Uber, AirBnB, Instagram, TaskRabbit, and other companies.

Slobodian, Quinn. 2018. Globalists: The End of Empire and the Birth of Neoliberalism. Harvard University Press.

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Smith, Adam. 2003. The Wealth of Nations. Bantam Classics.

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Smith, Yves. 2010. ECONned: How Unenlightened Self Interest Undermined Democracy and Corrupted Capitalism. St. Martin's Press.

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Soto, Hernando De. 2000. The Mystery Of Capital Why Capitalism Succeeds In The West And Fails Everywhere Else. Basic Books.

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Sowell, Thomas. 1996. Knowledge And Decisions. Basic Books.

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Specter, Michael. 2010. Denialism: How Irrational Thinking Harms the Planet and Threatens Our Lives. Penguin Books.

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Speth, James Gustave. 2012. America the Possible – Manifesto for a New Economy. Yale University Press.

A progressive vision of how the USA has gone wrong and how to simply repair the economic inequality, plutocracy and corporatocracy that are the real cause of so many problems.

Spulber, Daniel. 2001. Famous Fables of Economics: Myths of Market Failures. Wiley-Blackwell.

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Stanley, Jason. 2015. How Propaganda Works. Princeton University Press.

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Stefancic, Jean, and Richard Delgado. 1996. No Mercy: How Conservative Think Tanks and Foundations Changed America's Social Agenda. Temple Univ Pr.

The influence of Cato and Heritage Foundations.

Steinfeld, Robert J.. 2001. Coercion, Contract, and Free Labor in the Nineteenth Century. Cambridge University Press.

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Sterba, James P.. 1994. Contemporary Social and Political Philosophy. Wadsworth Publishing.

His chapter on libertarianism makes the argument that, "... the right to a social minimum endorsed by welfare liberals is also required by the libertarian's own ideal of liberty."

Sterba, James P.. 1998. Justice for Here and Now. Cambridge University Press.

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Stiglitz, Joseph E., Amartya Sen, and Jean-Paul Fitoussi. 2010. Mismeasuring Our Lives: Why GDP Doesn't Add Up. New Press, The.

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Stiglitz, Joseph E.. 2015. Rewriting the Rules of the American Economy: An Agenda for Growth and Shared Prosperity. W. W. Norton & Company.

How the current economic system privileges the upper class (which libertarians support, though they claim not to), and how to reform it to foster the middle class with recommendations that libertarians oppose.

Stiglitz, Joseph E.. 2012. The Price of Inequality: How Today's Divided Society Endangers Our Future. W. W. Norton & Company.

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Strauss, Erwin. 1984. How to Start Your Own Country. Loompanics Unlimited.

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Sumner, L. W.. 1989. The Moral Foundation of Rights. Oxford University Press.

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Sunstein, Cass R.. 2009. A Constitution of Many Minds: Why the Founding Document Doesn't Mean What It Meant Before. Princeton University Press.

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Sunstein, Cass R.. 2000. Behavioral Law and Economics. Cambridge University Press.

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Sunstein, Cass R.. 1997. Free Markets and Social Justice. Oxford University Press, USA.

Takes on the claims of the Law and Economics camp, libertarians such as Epstein and Posner.

Sunstein, Cass R.. 1993. The Partial Constitution. Harvard University Press.

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Sunstein, Cass R.. 2004. The Second Bill Of Rights: FDR's UNfinished Revolution-- And Why We Need It More Than Ever. Basic Books.

FDR proposed 8 economic rights: employment, with a living wage; food, clothing and leisure; farmers' rights to a fair income; freedom from unfair competition and monopolies; housing; medical care; social security; education. A foreshadowing of the Capability Approach.

Sunstein, Cass R.. 2007. Worst-Case Scenarios. Harvard University Press.

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Thaler, Richard H., and Cass R. Sunstein. 2009. Nudge: Improving Decisions About Health, Wealth, and Happiness. Penguin Books.

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1993. The Case Against Free Trade: GATT, NAFTA and the Globalization of Corporate Power An Earth Island Press Book. North Atlantic Books.

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Thomson, Judith Jarvis. 1992. The Realm of Rights. Harvard University Press.

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Tilly, Charles. 2007. Democracy. Cambridge University Press.

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Tilman, Rick. 2001. Ideology and Utopia in the Social Philosophy of the Libertarian Economists. Praeger.

Challenges libertarian definitions of freedom and democracy, and shows how libertarianism undermines democracy, civil liberties, and social equality.

Tyack, David, and Larry Cuban. 1997. Tinkering toward Utopia: A Century of Public School Reform. Harvard University Press.

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Udehn, Lars. 1995. The Limits of Public Choice: A Sociological Critique of the Economic Theory of Politics. Routledge.

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Uyl, Douglas J. Den, and Douglas B. Rasmussen. 1987. The Philosophic Thought of Ayn Rand. University of Illinois Press.

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Vogel, Steven K.. 2018. Marketcraft: How Governments Make Markets Work. Oxford University Press.

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Waldfogel, Joel. 2007. The Tyranny of the Market: Why You Can't Always Get What You Want. Harvard University Press.

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Waldman, Michael. 2014. The Second Amendment: A Biography. Simon & Schuster.

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Waldron, Jeremy. 1991. The Right to Private Property. Clarendon Press.

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Walker, Jeff. 1998. The Ayn Rand Cult. Open Court Publishing Company.

Questions the originality of Rand's ideas, and presents the cult-like organization of Objectivism.

Walton, Douglas. 2008. Informal Logic: A Pragmatic Approach. Cambridge University Press.

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Weinreb, Lloyd. 1990. Natural Law and Justice. Harvard University Press.

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Weisberg, Jacob. 1996. In Defense Of Government: The Fall and Rise of Public Trust. Scribner.

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Weisbrod, Burton. 1991. The Nonprofit Economy. Harvard University Press.

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Weiss, Gary. 2012. Ayn Rand Nation: The Hidden Struggle for America's Soul. St. Martin's Press.

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Widerquist, Karl. 2013. Independence, Propertylessness, and Basic Income: A Theory of Freedom as the Power to Say No. Palgrave Macmillan.

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Willrich, Michael. 2012. Pox: An American History. Penguin Books.

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Wills, Garry. 2002. A Necessary Evil: A History of American Distrust of Government. Simon & Schuster.

A strong refutation of historical revisionist interpretations of the Founders and Constitution as supporting antigovernment positions.

Wilson, Robert A.. 1987. Natural Law or Don't Put a Rubber on Your Willy. Breakout Productions.

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Winkler, Adam. 2018. We the Corporations: How American Businesses Won Their Civil Rights. Liveright.

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Wittman, Donald. 2006. Economic Foundations of Law and Organization. Cambridge University Press.

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Wittman, Donald A.. 1997. The Myth of Democratic Failure: Why Political Institutions Are Efficient. University Of Chicago Press.

"... refutes one of the cornerstone beliefs of economics and political science: that economic markets are more efficient than the processes and institutions of democratic government."

Wolfe, Alan. 2009. The Future of Liberalism. Knopf.

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Wolff, Jonathan. 1991. Robert Nozick: Property, Justice, and the Minimal State. Stanford University Press.

Summarizes and invents numerous philosophical refutations of Robert Nozick's Anarchy, State, and Utopia, a much parrotted work. Libertarians are generally unaware of the flaws and incompleteness of their "best" philosophy.

Wood, Ellen Meiksins. 2016. Democracy Against Capitalism: Renewing Historical Materialism. Verso.

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Wood, Ellen Meiksins. 2012. Liberty and Property: A Social History of Western Political Thought from the Renaissance to Enlightenment. Verso.

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Wood, Ellen Meiksins. 2002. The Origin of Capitalism: A Longer View. Verso.

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Wood, John Cunningham, and Ronald N. Woods. 1990. Milton Friedman: Critical Assessments. Routledge.

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Zhou, Gideon. 2012. Rolling Back State Ownership in Public Enterprises in Zimbabwe: The Question of Broad-Based Participation. LAP LAMBERT Academic Publishing.

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Zinn, Howard, Mike Konopacki, and Paul Buhle. 2008. A People's History of American Empire. Metropolitan Books.

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Zinn, Howard. 1995. A People's History of the United States: 1492-Present. Perennial.

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Zucman, Gabriel. 2015. The Hidden Wealth of Nations: The Scourge of Tax Havens. University Of Chicago Press.

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