From Critiques Of Libertarianism
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There are many alternative ideas which people find superior to libertarianism.


Alternatives To Current Capitalism (24 links)
Pitting "free market capitalism" against "socialism" is a false dichotomy. There are numerous variants and alternatives to study and choose from.
Anarchism (2 links)
The original political meaning of the word libertarianism. Not my cup of tea, but they oppose much in right-libertarianism.
Assemblage Theory (2 links)
Assemblages are individuals: historically unique persistent configurations. Much as are individual humans, but on a different scale with different components. Libertarians get it wrong that human individuals are the only valuable subjects of study. Assemblage theory is not reductionist: it recognizes emergent properties.
Basic Income (16 links)
A simple social welfare program that ensures everyone has sufficient income to raise them above the poverty line, whether or not they work. Most libertarians oppose this as "redistribution". Milton Friedman proposed this as a negative income tax. In Canada, an experimental version was called Mincome. In the US, the Alaska Permanent Fund is a basic income system.
Capability Approach (13 links)
Amartya Sen and Martha Nussbaum's successor to liberalism, liberty and rights. This approach to human well-being emphasizes the importance of freedom of choice, individual heterogeneity and the multi-dimensional nature of welfare. It is an excellent substitute for archaic interpretations of liberty or freedom. Most libertarians won't accept it because of (a) "muh property" or (b) the corporations and plutocrats that produce libertarian propaganda won't like its funding requirements.
Consequentialism And Utilitarianism (2 links)
Much libertarianism is deontological, based on moral rules such as "don't initiate force". This leads to many results that seem illogical or intuitively wrong.
Credible Sources (28 links)
We need credible alternatives to libertarian and conservative propaganda.
Democracy (16 links)
Representative democracy with division of powers is the other enlightenment theory (besides markets) that has created today's world. Libertarians often view democracy as opposing markets, grossly misrepresent it, and often overtly oppose democracy.
Happiness (3 links)
Why shouldn't we attempt to maximize happiness, among other values? Especially for the lowest incomes. Libertarianism presumes markets maximize happiness (if is considers happiness at all), but "money can't buy me love."
Human Rights and Civil Liberties (8 links)
Libertarian talk big about rights and civil liberties, but they actually do extremely little to defend rights. These organizations actually do something!
John Rawls (8 links)
John Rawls' theory of justice has been the major theory of liberty and justice in the latter part of the 20th century. Robert Nozick's Anarchy, State, and Utopia was merely one of many reactions to Rawls.
Liberalism (8 links)
Liberalism differs substantially from libertarianism. All modern first-world nations are liberal. There are no libertarian communities, let alone nations. When libertarians refer favorably to liberalism, they mean only the economics of some early liberalism. Not the political aspects of liberalism, such as democracy, separations of powers, etc.
Mixed Economy (19 links)
Existing markets are important parts of our mixed economies. The most socialist or communist economies in the world still use mixed markets, though they are more weighted towards central direction. Likewise the most capitalist economies are still weighted towards central direction within corporations.
Positive Alternatives To Libertarian Ideas (5 links)
Many libertarian ideas are based on unrealistic axioms, theories, whims and other products of the imagination, unconstrained by the reality we all observe or know through history. Good ideas ought to be based on reality, rather than needing defence from reality. Another alternative is that their scope can be constrained by reality.
Progressivism (23 links)
A philosophy that attempts to improve human flourishing through reforms. Successes of progressivism include 8 hour work days, universal enfranchisement, etc.
Social Capital (4 links)
"Social capital is a form of economic and cultural capital in which social networks are central, transactions are marked by reciprocity, trust, and cooperation, and market agents produce goods and services not mainly for themselves, but for a common good." (Wikipedia) The answer to Margaret Thatcher's rhetorical "There's no such thing as society… only individuals and families."
Social Contract (5 links)
Most libertarians violently oppose the philosophical idea of social contract. Libertarians usually misrepresent social contracts as they actually exist, referring instead to philosophical models. Not to be confused with Social Contract Theory (Cognitive Psychology).
Social Democracy (14 links)
Social democracy combines a universal welfare state and collective bargaining schemes with a capitalist economy. It usually refers to the highly successful social models and economic policies prominent in Western and Northern Europe, such as the Scandinavian nations.
Social Justice (9 links)
People who tend to the Libertarian side are usually people who have yet to experience the need for financial assistance or social justice. They have little sympathy for these ideas because they often arise from "free" interaction and their solutions may involve regulation and redistribution.
Social Welfare (10 links)
Often derided as the "welfare state", social welfare produces the best lives for all by standards of low poverty, health, long lives, employment, education and many other measures. There are many varieties, including Basic Income. Conservatives and libertarians create many myths about welfare failures.
Things Government Should Do (27 links)
There are plenty of ideas of what governments should do born out by long history of where governments have been successful and where markets have failed. Not just defense, but things like basic research, infrastructure, social insurance and a host of other practical needs.


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