Clean Water

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The public provision of clean water has saved countless millions of lives since Roman Times.


NEW 2/03/2019: The Role of Public Health Improvements in Health Advances: The 20th Century United States [More...]
"Rough calculations suggest that the social rate of return to these [clean water] technologies was greater than 23 to 1 with a cost per life-year saved by clean water of about $500 in 2003 dollars."


And it is certainly true that a lot of that decline in infectious disease mortality occurred as a result of improved sanitation and water chlorination. A 2004 study by the Harvard University economist David Cutler and the National Bureau of Economic Research economist Grant Miller estimated that the provision of clean water “was responsible for nearly half of the total mortality reduction in major cities, three-quarters of the infant mortality reduction, and nearly two-thirds of the child mortality reduction.”
Ronald Bailey, "Refusing Vaccination Puts Others At Risk"