Guns

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Libertarians generally endorse unregulated private ownership of guns and other armaments, no matter how absurd.

Gun rights arguments are created for use in right-wing echo chambers, and tend to be obviously false or ridiculous. Their primary uses are as prolefeed and shibboleths.

Much of the heat and noise comes from attempting to claim that the Second Amendment creates individual rights. The original purpose was instead to insure that states could have militias, most notably for defending against the British, the Indians and slave insurrections. Libertarians (and the NRA) generally attempt to ignore the link to militia, or ridiculously claim anybody waving a gun is militia.

Using the Second Amendment to create individual rights can be viewed as legitimate if you think of a "living Constitution" whose meaning changes as later generations reinterpret it: but most libertarian are opposed to that sort of reinterpretation because it can justify many other government actions under the rubric of "promoting the health and general welfare".

You do not need the Second Amendment to create a Right To Keep And Bear Arms of whatever sort you want. All you need is to enact a plain old law.

A SIMPLE SECOND AMENDMENT SOLUTION:
Make everyone who owns or holds a gun automatically a member of the organized militia, which will be well-regulated by the state and federal governments. Well-regulated means not only trained, but also enlisted (documented) and subject to rules, including rules for storage and handling of guns outside of militia exercises. The rules can also have severe penalties for violations (such as evasion of enlistment/registration), including court martial. The rules can also declare some unfit for militia duty and thus unable to own or hold a gun. The US government has a clear Constitutional power to do this.

Links

Men With Guns
Oh, horror! Laws are enforced by men with guns! But all rights in any social system (including anarchism) are enforced coercively. And isn't it funny that the same Constitution that libertarians claim supports private gun ownership clearly empowers the state to enforce laws.
NRA and other gun extremists (5 links)
Libertarians usually endorse NRA positions or even more extreme positions on private ownership of armaments. The NRA has created an absolutist atmosphere extremely hostile to reasoned discussion of (or research on) benefits and harms of guns.
Guns and Privatized Sovereignty [More...]
"Constitutions, citizens, and markets are all made. Over the past forty years, we have made a gun market that follows the rules of almost no other markets in American life, supported by a gun jurisprudence that both draws on and amplifies divisive, inegalitarian, and misarchic strains in American politics."
Harvard Injury Control Research Center [More...]
A great resource on the public health viewpoint for reducing injury. The Firearms Research section has pointers to a great many recent resources and debunks much propaganda.
Libertarian pundit Adam Kokesh defends Las Vegas shooters for “not necessarily unjustified violence” [More...]
"[L]ibertarian pundit, gun rights activist and former resident of a D.C. prison Adam Kokesh partially defended the actions of Jerad and Amanda Miller, the far-right extremists who recently killed two police officers, a civilian and themselves in a Las Vegas public shooting."
Militias (1 link)
In the USA, "militia" is a euphemism for private, nongovernment, nonprofessional armies created for political purposes. Many of these militia's members are libertarians. Private armies like these militias are frequently a tool of coercion: after the Civil War, private armies played a major role in instituting Jim Crow by terrorizing blacks. Hitler and Mussolini both rose to power through their private armies.
Nuclear Anarchism Part 1: The Specter of Private Nuclear Weapons [More...]
Everybody should be able to own nuclear weapons. Yes, really. Case "proven" by illegitimate demands for perfection. Part 2: How I Learned To Stop Worrying And Love Private Nuclear Devices. Part 3: Climbing the Kardashev Scale for Fun and Profit.
Rand Paul Email Touts False Gun Conspiracy About U.N. Treaty That Doesn’t Exist [More...]
Rand Paul shows some of the flakey, paranoid side his father is also famous for.
So You ThinkYou Know The Second Amendment? [More...]
Interpretations of the Second Amendment as an individual right are recent, political, not comprehensive and likely to change.
The Genocide And Gun Control Myth [More...]
Claims that Jews could have resisted the holocaust if they hadn't been disarmed by control are historically ludicrous. Likewise for other genocides.
The Second Amendment was Ratified to Preserve Slavery [More...]
18th century state militias were primarily slave patrols. Southerners (including many of the founding fathers) feared northerners might not allow their state militias to enforce slavery.
The Simple Truth About Gun Control [More...]
Gun control works, around the world. It is not a panacea, but just making access to weapons more difficult greatly reduces the numbers of homicides, suicides and accidents.

Quotations

[T]he people who insist on being armed as a "demonstration" or a "protest" are using the second amendment to quell dissent. And they are forcing unarmed law abiding citizens to behave in different ways toward them than they behave with others --- less freedom for them, more for the gun owners. Once you put convenient, lethal force in the mix, liberty becomes a zero sum game.
Heather Parton, "Speaking of guns"