Originally coined by Michael Young in 1958, who critically defined it as a system where merit is equated with intelligence-plus-effort, its possessors are identified at an early age and selected for appropriate intensive education, and there is an obsession with quantification, test-scoring, and qualifications. The word "meritocratic" has also developed a broader definition, and may be used to refer to any government run by "a ruling or influential class of educated or able people." Widely used in Asian governments.
- Capitalist success is meritocratic and thus deserved. (2 links)
- The same way the scum floats to the top? Because libertarians usually define merit as success in capitalism, this begs the question. Meritocracy still has the problem of rule by a small clique. Positive feedback in markets makes success very much dependent on random initial conditions.
- How We Came to Misunderstand Meritocracy [More...]
- "Much to the chagrin of the man who coined the term half a century ago, we’re missing the point [...]" Meritocracy was coined to satirize the idea of using "merit" to produce a new dominant class.
- Meritocracy is an appalling idea that no one believes in even though everyone claims to [More...]
- "In a meritocracy, all that counts for your success or failure is your biological merits. [...]"
- Stop Talking About Meritocracy [More...]
- "[...] the current system of educational credentialing has the function of preserving and transmitting privilege, even though it was designed for much the opposite end. "
- Talent vs Luck: the role of randomness in success and failure [More...]
- "... we show that, if it is true that some degree of talent is necessary to be successful in life, almost never the most talented people reach the highest peaks of success, being overtaken by mediocre but sensibly luckier individuals."
- The importance of redistribution [More...]
- "democratic egalitarianism"--the idea that individuals flourish best in a free society that allows them to choose democratically the rules that govern their lives, with the understanding that the institutions must be sustainable and must allow all individuals to flourish, not just a select few.
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